Early human occupation of the Red Sea coast of Eritrea during the last interglacial

  title={Early human occupation of the Red Sea coast of Eritrea during the last interglacial},
  author={Robert C. Walter and Richard T. Buffler and J. Henrich Bruggemann and Mireille M. M. Guillaume and Seife M. Berhe and B. Negassi and Yoseph Libsekal and Hai Cheng and Richard Lawrence Edwards and Rudo von Cosel and Didier N{\'e}raudeau and Mario Gagnon},
The geographical origin of modern humans is the subject of ongoing scientific debate. The ‘multiregional evolution’ hypothesis argues that modern humans evolved semi-independently in Europe, Asia and Africa between 100,000 and 40,000 years ago, whereas the ‘out of Africa’ hypothesis contends that modern humans evolved in Africa between 200 and 100 kyr ago, migrating to Eurasia at some later time. Direct palaeontological, archaeological and biological evidence is necessary to resolve this debate… 
Archaeological reconnaissance of the Late Pleistocene Red Sea coast in the Danakil
The paucity of archaeological evidence from the northern Afar Rift and Red Sea littoral remains a major hindrance to testing the hypothesised Out-of-Africa dispersal of early humans via the ‘Southern
The Evolution of the Red Sea as a Human Habitat During the Quaternary Period
  • G. Bailey
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 2015
This chapter summarises current knowledge about the deep history of human occupation in the Arabian Peninsula and more specifically examines the likely role of the Red Sea escarpment and coastal
Upper Pleistocene Human Dispersals out of Africa: A Review of the Current State of the Debate
  • Amanuel Beyin
  • Environmental Science
    International journal of evolutionary biology
  • 2011
The reviewed literature hints at two modes of early modern human colonization of Eurasia in the Upper Pleistocene: from multiple Homo sapiens source populations that had entered Arabia, South Asia, and the Levant prior to and soon after the onset of the Last Interglacial (MIS-5).
New Light on Human Prehistory in the Arabo-Persian Gulf Oasis
The emerging picture of prehistoric Arabia suggests that early modern humans were able to survive periodic hyperarid oscillations by contracting into environmental refugia around the coastal margins
The Middle Paleolithic of the East Mediterranean Levant
  • J. Shea
  • Geography, Environmental Science
  • 2003
This paper reviews recent developments in geochronology, archaeology, and behavioral interpretations of the Middle Paleolithic Period (ca. 47–250 Kyr) in the East Mediterranean Levant. Neandertals
Reconnaissance of Prehistoric Sites on the Red Sea Coast of Eritrea, NE Africa
Abstract A surface reconnaissance was conducted for prehistoric sites along the Gulf of Zula and the Buri Peninsula, on the Red Sea coast of Eritrea. The sites, found in a wide range of
Desert speleothems reveal climatic window for African exodus of early modern humans
One of the fi rst movements of early modern humans out of Africa occurred 130–100 thousand years ago (ka), when they migrated northward to the Levant region. The climatic conditions that accompanied
Reconnaissance of Prehistoric Sites in the Red Sea Coastal Region of the Sudan, NE Africa
ABSTRACT This paper reports results of a recent Stone Age-focused archaeological survey in the Red Sea coastal region of the Republic of Sudan, northeast Africa. Bifaces (handaxes) are the most


The Nile Corridor and the Out-of-Africa Model: An Examination of the Archaeological Record
This paper addresses the question of whether archaeological data—especially data from the Middle Palaeolithic—are relevant to current discussion on the origin and dispersal of modern humans. The
The Middle Stone Age of East Africa and the beginnings of regional identity
The history of research into the Middle Stone Age of East Africa and the present state of knowledge of this time period is examined for the region as a whole, with special reference to
Post-Miocene reef faunas of the Red Sea: glacio-eustatic controls
The Red Sea maritime rift has been discontinuously colonized by coral reefs since the Miocene. The Tethyan Miocene period of coral growth was interrupted when hypersaline conditions became
Quaternary marine and continental sedimentation in the northern Red Sea and Gulf of Suez (Egyptian coast): influences of rift tectonics, climatic changes and sea-level fluctuations
This contribution is based on new observations of the relations between continental and marine deposits along the 800 km of northernmost coast of the Red Sea. One hundred U/Th dates of the marine
Precise chronology of the last interglacial period: 234U-230Th data from fossil coral reefs in the Bahamas
A detailed study of ^(238)U-^(234)U-^(230)Th ages was made for different coral species from two Bahamian reefs to determine the time scale of the sea-level high during the last interglacial period,