Early experience with racial discrimination and conduct disorder as predictors of subsequent drug use: a critical period hypothesis.

@article{Gibbons2007EarlyEW,
  title={Early experience with racial discrimination and conduct disorder as predictors of subsequent drug use: a critical period hypothesis.},
  author={Frederick X. Gibbons and Hsiu-Chen Yeh and M. E. Gerrard and Michael J Cleveland and Carolyn E. Cutrona and Ronald L. Simons and Gene H. Brody},
  journal={Drug and alcohol dependence},
  year={2007},
  volume={88 Suppl 1},
  pages={S27-37}
}
A critical period hypothesis linking early experiences with both racial discrimination and conduct disorder (CD) with subsequent drug use was examined in a panel of 889 African American adolescents (age 10.5 at time 1) and their parents. Analyses indicated that these early experiences did predict use by the adolescents at time 3 (T3)-5 years later. These relations were both direct and indirect, being mediated by an increase in affiliation with friends who were using drugs. The relations existed… CONTINUE READING