Early evidence of fire in south-western Europe: the Acheulean site of Gruta da Aroeira (Torres Novas, Portugal)

  title={Early evidence of fire in south-western Europe: the Acheulean site of Gruta da Aroeira (Torres Novas, Portugal)},
  author={Montserrat Sanz and Joan Daura and Dan Cabanes and Natalia {\'E}g{\"u}ez and {\'A}ngel Carrancho and Ernestina Badal and P. Souto and Filipa Rodrigues and Jo{\~a}o Zilh{\~a}o},
  journal={Scientific Reports},
The site of Gruta da Aroeira (Torres Novas, Portugal), with evidence of human occupancy dating to ca. 400 ka (Marine Isotope Stage 11), is one of the very few Middle Pleistocene localities to have provided a fossil hominin cranium associated with Acheulean bifaces in a cave context. The multi-analytic study reported here of the by-products of burning recorded in layer X suggests the presence of anthropogenic fires at the site, among the oldest such evidence in south-western Europe. The burnt… 

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