Early dispersal of modern humans in Europe and implications for Neanderthal behaviour

  title={Early dispersal of modern humans in Europe and implications for Neanderthal behaviour},
  author={Stefano Benazzi and Katerina Douka and Cinzia Fornai and Catherine C. Bauer and Ottmar Kullmer and Jiř{\'i} Svoboda and Ildik{\'o} Pap and Francesco Mallegni and Priscilla Bayle and Michael Coquerelle and Silvana Condemi and Annamaria Ronchitelli and Katerina Harvati and Gerhard W. Weber},
The appearance of anatomically modern humans in Europe and the nature of the transition from the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic are matters of intense debate. Most researchers accept that before the arrival of anatomically modern humans, Neanderthals had adopted several ‘transitional’ technocomplexes. Two of these, the Uluzzian of southern Europe and the Châtelperronian of western Europe, are key to current interpretations regarding the timing of arrival of anatomically modern humans in the… 
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  • Geography, Environmental Science
  • 2015
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Dental remains from two Protoaurignacian sites in Italy are analyzed and confirm that they were H. sapiens, and teeth from Riparo Bombrini and Grotta di Fumane contain ancient mitochondrial DNA of a modern human type, confirming that by 41,000 calendar years before the present, modern humans bearing ProtoaurIGNacian culture spread into southern Europe.
Palaeoanthropology: The earliest modern humans in Europe
It is concluded that the Uluzzian culture of southern Europe — always found stratigraphically below the Aurignacian signature culture of the modern humans — may represent the earliest modern humans in Europe rather than the last Neanderthals.
Manot 1 calvaria and recent modern human evolution: an anthropological perspective
Manot 1 and Early Upper Palaeolithic skulls of Europe have many traits in common, and some of the archaic traits seen in Manot 1 can be traced to the Late Pleistocene Aduma skull from Ethiopia or even Eyasi 1 from Tanzania.
The first modern Europeans.
  • S. Benazzi
  • Biology
    Journal of anthropological sciences = Rivista di antropologia : JASS
  • 2012
A reassessment of these deciduous molars from Grotta del Cavallo by means of digital morphometric analysis revealed that these remains belong to anatomically modern humans (AMHs), and suggests that modern humans, and not Neanderthals, created the Uluzzian culture.
On the origin of modern humans: Asian perspectives
The current state of the Late Pleistocene Asian human evolutionary record is reviewed from archaeology, hominin paleontology, geochronology, genetics, and paleoclimatology, and cultural variability discerned from archaeological studies indicates that modern human behaviors did not simply spread across Asia in a time-transgressive pattern.
From Neandertals to modern humans: New data on the Uluzzian
Comparisons with Castelcivita and Grotta del Cavallo show that the Uluzzian is a coherent cultural unit lasting about five millennia, replaced by the Protoaurignacian before the eruption of the Campanian Ignimbrite, corroborate previous suggestions that the Middle-to-Upper Paleolithic transition occurred as steps of rapid changes and geographically uneven rates of spread.
Initial Upper Palaeolithic humans in Europe had recent Neanderthal ancestry
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Complexity in the Middle to Upper Paleolithic Transition in Peninsular Southern Europe and application of refugium concepts
During the Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition in the Balkan, Italian and Iberian peninsulas of southern Europe, late Neanderthal and early Anatomically Modern Human (AMH) populations may have
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Revised age of late Neanderthal occupation and the end of the Middle Paleolithic in the northern Caucasus
It is indicated at a high level of probability that Neanderthals did not survive at Mezmaiskaya Cave after 39 ka cal BP ("calendrical" age in kiloannum before present, based on IntCal09 calibration curve).
Makers of the early Aurignacian of Europe.
The overall picture is one of an extended period of cultural contact, involving some degree of genetic exchange, between Neandertals and early modern Europeans, and perhaps for 8,000-10,000 years or longer.
Neanderthal Acculturation in Western Europe? A Critical Review of the Evidence and Its Interpretation1
The presence of bone tools, personal ornaments, and apparently “modern” stone tools in European late Middle Paleolithic or pre‐Aurignacian Paleolithic contexts is generally interpreted as the result
Radiocarbon dating of interstratified Neanderthal and early modern human occupations at the Chatelperronian type-site
The results of radiocarbon accelerator dating for what has been reported as an interstratified sequence of late Neanderthal and early anatomically modern occupations at the French type-site of the Chatelperronian, the Grotte des Fées de Châtelperron, are reported.
Confirmation of Neanderthal/modern human interstratification at the Chatelperronian type-site
The excavation backdirt interpretation for the Châtelperron stratigraphy can be refuted from many different aspects of the stratigraphic, radiocarbon, and archaeological evidence.
The impossible coincidence. A single‐species model for the origins of modern human behavior in Europe
The Upper Paleolithic revolution in Europe is described as reflecting preeminently an explosion in explicitly symbolic behavior and expression, which would be inconceivable in the absence of highly structured language systems and brains closely similar, if not identical to, the authors' own.
Who were the makers of the Châtelperronian culture?
New dates for the Grotte du Renne at Arcy-sur-Cure and their implications for the evolution of symbolic behaviour.
There is extensive debate concerning the cognitive and behavioral adaptation of Neanderthals, especially in the period when the earliest anatomically modern humans dispersed into Western Europe,