Early detection of the anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity. A non-invasive haemodynamic study.

Abstract

Anthracyclines are the most frequent cause of iatrogenic congestive heart failure ranging from acute reversible minor, irreversible reduction in the left ventricular ejection fraction and death despite preventive measures. Sensitive methods are needed to detect earliest preclinical cardiotoxicity along with the development of new protective agents. Thirty breast cancer patients were randomly treated with q 21 120 mg/m2 Epirubicin (EPI) x 3, alone (10 patients), or + ICRF-187 (1000 mg/m2) (10 patients) or + C0Q10 (50 mg/day) (10 patients) and monitored by Thoracic Electrical Bioimpedance (TEB) cardiography before (T0) and at the end of chemotherapy (T1), then at 1, 3, 6 months of follow up (F1, F2, F3). a) The group treated with EPI alone showed, between F1-F2, a significant (p < 0.05) decrease in Stroke Index (S1). Acceleration Index (ACI) and a significant (p < 0.05) increase in Systemic Vascular Resistance Index (SVRI), while between F2 and F3 it showed a significant (p < 0.05) recovery in S1 and ACI. b) The group treated with EPI + ICRF-187 showed, between F1 and F2 a significant decrease in S1 and ACI (p < 0.05, p < 0.01 respectively) and a significant (p < 0.05) increase in SVRI: between F2-F3 ACI had a significant (p < 0.05) recovery: c) The group treated with EPI +C0Q10 showed no modification in Sl, ACI, and SVRI during the study. The ejection Fraction (EF) remained unchanged during the study in all the groups. C0Q10 seems to prevent early decreases in cardiac performance and contractiling, thus avoiding an SVRI increase, while ICRF-187 did not. Since ICRF-187 acts by binding iron, we deem that the earliest cardiac involvement, may occur before iron overload; therefore the role of ICRF-187 and C0Q10 in acute or chronic heart toxicity was correlated with high-dose anthracycline and needs to be further investigated.

Cite this paper

@article{Massidda1997EarlyDO, title={Early detection of the anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity. A non-invasive haemodynamic study.}, author={Bruno Massidda and Maurizio Antonio Fenu and Maria Teresa Ionta and Mirella Tronci and Marta Foddi and Carlo Montaldo and P. Montaldo}, journal={Anticancer research}, year={1997}, volume={17 1B}, pages={663-8} }