The symbolic role of the underground world among Middle Paleolithic Neanderthals
- GeographyProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
The hypothesis that Neanderthals symbolically used these paintings and the large stalagmitic dome harboring them over an extended time span is strengthened.
A Paleolithic bird figurine from the Lingjing site, Henan, China
- Environmental SciencePloS one
The carving, which predates previously known comparable instances from this region by 8,500 years, demonstrates that three-dimensional avian representations were part of East Asian Late Pleistocene cultural repertoires and identifies technological and stylistic peculiarities distinguishing this newly discovered art tradition from previous and contemporary examples found in Western Europe and Siberia.
Earliest hunting scene in prehistoric art
An elaborate rock art panel from the limestone cave of Leang Bulu’ Sipong 4 (Sulawesi, Indonesia) that portrays several figures that appear to represent therianthropes hunting wild pigs and dwarf bovids is described, providing evidence of early storytelling through narrative hunting scenes.
Entanglements: the Role of Finger Flutings in the Study of the Lived Lives of Upper Paleolithic Peoples
During the Upper Paleolithic, Ice Age peoples in Europe and Australia used their fingers to trace figurative and non-figurative images in soft sediments that lined the walls and ceilings of the…
Hands in the dark: Palaeolithic rock art in Gorham’s Cave (Gibraltar)
- Environmental Science
The work in the inner area of Gorham’s Cave, Gibraltar, has added to the Palaeolithic art located in the cave. Although work continues on the surveying and the study of the evidence found up to now,…
Krapina and the Case for Neandertal Symbolic Behavior
- PsychologyCurrent Anthropology
We review four examples of ritual or symbolic behavior from the central European Mousterian site of Krapina in present-day Croatia. These include evidence of ritual cannibalism and secondary burials;…
To be or not to be: reassessing the origins of portable art in the Cantabrian Region (Northern Spain)
- Environmental ScienceArchaeological and Anthropological Sciences
The characterization of the first portable artistic depictions in Cantabrian Spain is crucial for comprehension of the symbolic development of Neandertals and Homo sapiens in the context of the…
Art in the Making: Recent Developments in the Study of Pleistocene and Holocene Images
This introduction to the special issue of the Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory devoted to Pleistocene and Holocene arts seeks to examine a number of recent developments in the study of…
The Influence of Image Salience on the Artistic Renditions of Cave Lions in the Early Upper Paleolithic
In this chapter, the perceptual aspects of lions are investigated further by reviewing the neurobiological underpinnings of face recognition and shape and texture-processing which include the contextual associations that promote object recognition.
Upper Palaeolithic Installation Art: Topography, Distortion, Animation and Participation in the Production and Experience of Cantabrian Cave Art
- ArtCambridge Archaeological Journal
The physical nature of cave walls and its impact on Upper Palaeolithic image making and viewing has frequently been invoked in explanations about the function of cave art. The morphological features…
SHOWING 1-10 OF 20 REFERENCES
U-Th dating of carbonate crusts reveals Neandertal origin of Iberian cave art
Using uranium-thorium dating of carbonate crusts to show that cave paintings from three different sites in Spain must be older than 64,000 years, this cave art is the earliest dated so far and implies Neandertal authorship.
Pleistocene cave art from Sulawesi, Indonesia
It can now be demonstrated that humans were producing rock art by ∼40 kyr ago at opposite ends of the Pleistocene Eurasian world.
Birds of a Feather: Neanderthal Exploitation of Raptors and Corvids
- Environmental Science, GeographyPloS one
The association involved the direct intervention of Neanderthals on the bones of these birds, which is interpreted as evidence of extraction of large flight feathers, a major advance in the study of human evolution.
Early Neanderthal constructions deep in Bruniquel Cave in southwestern France.
- Environmental Science, GeographyNature
The dating of annular constructions made of broken stalagmites found deep in Bruniquel Cave in southwest France gives a reliable and replicated age of 176.5 thousand years (±2.1 thousand years), making these edifices among the oldest known well-dated constructionsmade by humans.
Europe's first artists were Neandertals.
Dating experts and archaeologists report that simple creations from three caves in Spain all date to more than 64,800 years ago, at least 20,000 years before modern humans reached Europe.
Evidence for Neandertal Jewelry: Modified White-Tailed Eagle Claws at Krapina
- BiologyPloS one
These remains clearly show that the Krapina Neandertals made jewelry well before the appearance of modern humans in Europe, extending ornament production and symbolic activity early into the European Mousterian.
A rock engraving made by Neanderthals in Gibraltar
- ArtProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Geochemical analysis of the epigenetic coating over the engravings and experimental replication show that the engraving was made before accumulation of the archaeological layers, and that most of the lines composing the design were made by repeatedly and carefully passing a pointed lithic tool into the grooves, excluding the possibility of an unintentional or utilitarian origin.
Assessing the significance of Palaeolithic engraved cortexes. A case study from the Mousterian site of Kiik-Koba, Crimea
- Environmental SciencePloS one
Results of the analysis of an engraved cortical flint flake found at Kiik-Koba, a key Mousterian site from Crimea, are presented and an interpretative framework is created to guide the interpretation of incised cortexes.
Searching for consistencies in Châtelperronian pigment use
- Environmental Science
Homo erectus at Trinil on Java used shells for tool production and engraving
- Environmental ScienceNature
A fossil freshwater shell assemblage from the Hauptknochenschicht of Trinil (Java, Indonesia) is reported, indicating that the engraving was made by Homo erectus, and that it is considerably older than the oldest geometric engravings described so far.