Early Upper Paleolithic in Eastern Europe and Implications for the Dispersal of Modern Humans

  title={Early Upper Paleolithic in Eastern Europe and Implications for the Dispersal of Modern Humans},
  author={Mikhail Anikovich and Andrei Sinitsyn and John F. Hoffecker and Vance T. Holliday and Vasil V. Popov and Sergey N. Lisitsyn and Steven L. Forman and Galina M. Levkovskaya and G. A. Pospelova and I. E. Kuz'mina and Natalia Burova and Paul Goldberg and Richard I. Macphail and Biagio Giaccio and Nicolai D. Praslov},
  pages={223 - 226}
Radiocarbon and optically stimulated luminescence dating and magnetic stratigraphy indicate Upper Paleolithic occupation—probably representing modern humans—at archaeological sites on the Don River in Russia 45,000 to 42,000 years ago. The oldest levels at Kostenki underlie a volcanic ash horizon identified as the Campanian Ignimbrite Y5 tephra that is dated elsewhere to about 40,000 years ago. The occupation layers contain bone and ivory artifacts, including possible figurative art, and fossil… 
Late Mousterian Persistence near the Arctic Circle
It is shown that at Byzovaya, in the western foothills of the Polar Urals, the technological structure of the lithic assemblage makes it directly comparable with Mousterian Middle Palaeolithic industries that so far have been exclusively attributed to the Neandertal populations in Europe.
Radiocarbon Dating the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic Transition: The Demise of the Last Neanderthals and the First Appearance of Anatomically Modern Humans in Europe
Only a precise chronological/stratigraphical framework can enable an understanding of the dynamics of change underlying the replacement of Neanderthals by Anatomically Modern Humans and the emergence
The early upper Paleolithic of eastern Europe reconsidered
  • J. Hoffecker
  • Geography, Environmental Science
    Evolutionary anthropology
  • 2011
The early Upper Paleolithic (EUP) has remained a major challenge, however; it is represented primarily by a bewildering array of local archeological cultures that exhibit limited similarity to contemporaneous industries of western and central Europe.
The Dating of a Middle Paleolithic Blade Industry in Southern Russia and Its Relationship to the Initial Upper Paleolithic
The open-air site of Shlyakh, located near Volgograd in southern Russia, contains two assemblages of stone artifacts assigned to the Middle Paleolithic. Most of the artifacts are buried in low-energy
Dating the demise: neandertal extinction and the establishment of modern humans in the southern Caucasus.
The Initial Expansion of Anatomically Modern Humans in Northern Eurasia: New Evidence and New Hypotheses
~ ~ ~ The initial dispersal of anatomically modern humans (AMH) in Africa occurred during a hyperarid event of 135-75 ka. Large-scale AMH expansion in northern Eurasia occurred during the Middle We-


Unexpectedly recent dates for human remains from Vogelherd
Radiocarbon measurements from all the key fossils from Vogelherd show that these human remains actually date to the late Neolithic, between 3,900 and 5,000 radiocarbon years before present (bp), weakening the arguments for the Danube Corridor hypothesis and strengthening the view that Neanderthals may have contributed significantly to the development of Upper Palaeolithic cultural traits independent of the arrival of modern humans.
A new radiocarbon revolution and the dispersal of modern humans in Eurasia
Two recent developments in the methodology of radiocarbon dating show that the speed of colonization of Europe by modern human populations was more rapid than previously believed, and that their period of coexistence with the preceding Neanderthal was shorter.
The Campanian Ignimbrite Eruption, Heinrich Event 4, and Palaeolithic Change in Europe: A High-Resolution Investigation
The Campanian Ignimbrite (CI) eruption from the Phlegraean Fields Caldera, southern Italy, represents one of the largest late Quaternary volcanic event. Its recent dating at 39,280±110 yr BP draws
14C Activity and Global Carbon Cycle Changes over the Past 50,000 Years
Reconstructed 14C activities varied substantially during the last glacial period, including sharp peaks synchronous with the Laschamp and Mono Lake geomagnetic field intensity minimal and cosmogenic nuclide peaks in ice cores and marine sediments, and simulations with a geochemical box model suggest much of the variability can be explained by geomagnetically modulated changes in 14C production rate together with plausible changes in deep-ocean ventilation and the global carbon cycle during glaciation.