Early Upper Paleolithic in Eastern Europe and Implications for the Dispersal of Modern Humans

@article{Anikovich2007EarlyUP,
  title={Early Upper Paleolithic in Eastern Europe and Implications for the Dispersal of Modern Humans},
  author={Mikhail Anikovich and Andrei Sinitsyn and John F. Hoffecker and Vance T. Holliday and Vasil V. Popov and Sergey N. Lisitsyn and Steven L. Forman and Galina M. Levkovskaya and G. A. Pospelova and I. E. Kuz'mina and Natalia Burova and Paul Goldberg and Richard I. Macphail and Biagio Giaccio and Nicolai D. Praslov},
  journal={Science},
  year={2007},
  volume={315},
  pages={223 - 226}
}
Radiocarbon and optically stimulated luminescence dating and magnetic stratigraphy indicate Upper Paleolithic occupation—probably representing modern humans—at archaeological sites on the Don River in Russia 45,000 to 42,000 years ago. The oldest levels at Kostenki underlie a volcanic ash horizon identified as the Campanian Ignimbrite Y5 tephra that is dated elsewhere to about 40,000 years ago. The occupation layers contain bone and ivory artifacts, including possible figurative art, and fossil… 
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