Early Pleistocene palaeoenvironments at the time of the Homo antecessor settlement in the Gran Dolina cave (Atapuerca, Spain)

  title={Early Pleistocene palaeoenvironments at the time of the Homo antecessor settlement in the Gran Dolina cave (Atapuerca, Spain)},
  author={Hugues‐Alexandre Blain and Gloria Cuenca‐Besc{\'o}s and Francesc Burjachs and Juan Manuel L{\'o}pez‐Garc{\'i}a and Iv{\'a}n L{\'o}zano-Fern{\'a}ndez and Jordi Rosell},
  journal={Journal of Quaternary Science},
Hominin remains unearthed from level TD6‐2 of Gran Dolina have been dated to slightly more than 0.8 Ma. Owing to the importance of this discovery, every effort is being made to reconstruct the environment where these hominins once lived. In this paper, the mutual climatic range and habitat weighting methods are applied to the herpetofaunal assemblages in order to estimate climatic and environmental parameters. TD6‐2 is thus characterized by a warm and humid climate. Mean annual temperature is… 
The continental record of Marine Isotope Stage 11 (Middle Pleistocene) on the Iberian Peninsula characterized by herpetofaunal assemblages
Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 11 in Iberia is documented at three main Acheulean archaeological sites: Gran Dolina (Burgos, Atapuerca), Áridos‐1 (Madrid) and Ambrona (Soria). As the amphibians and
One million years of diversity shifts in amphibians and reptiles in a Mediterranean landscape: resilience rules the Quaternary
In contrast with the well documented strain on extant amphibian and reptile populations today, the Quaternary fossil record of these groups is very conservative showing few changes over long periods
Climate and amphibian body size: a new perspective gained from the fossil record
It is proposed that starvation resistance and delayed maturation are the main causes for this increase in size in periods with cooler winters, and a fecundity-related hypothesis to explain why climate has a greater influence on female body size.


Vegetation context and climatic limits of the Early Pleistocene hominin dispersal in Europe
Lower Pleistocene hominids and artifacts from Atapuerca-TD6 (Spain)
The Gran Dolina hominid fossils cannot be comfortably accommodated in any of the defined Homo species, and could be considered a primitive form of Homo heidelbergensis, but a new species might be named in the future if the sample is enlarged.
Human cannibalism in the Early Pleistocene of Europe (Gran Dolina, Sierra de Atapuerca, Burgos, Spain).
The characteristics of this fossil assemblage suggest that it is solely the result of consumptive activities as there is no evidence of ritual or other intention, andlight differences have been observed between fauna and humans that appear related to different musculature, weight, and bone structure.
An Early Pleistocene hominin mandible from Atapuerca-TD6, Spain.
None of the mandibular features considered apomorphic in the European Middle and Early Upper Pleistocene hominin lineage are present in ATD6-96, which reinforces the taxonomic identity of H. antecessor and is consistent with the hypothesis of a close relationship between this species and Homo sapiens.