Early Mood Swings as Symptoms of the Bipolar Prodrome: Preliminary Results of a Retrospective Analysis

@article{zgrdal2009EarlyMS,
  title={Early Mood Swings as Symptoms of the Bipolar Prodrome: Preliminary Results of a Retrospective Analysis},
  author={Seza {\"O}zg{\"u}rdal and Elisabeth van Haren and M. Hauser and A. Str{\"o}hle and M. Bauer and H. Assion and G. Juckel},
  journal={Psychopathology},
  year={2009},
  volume={42},
  pages={337 - 342}
}
Background/Aims: Temperament and mood swings are promising indicators for the characterization of mood spectrum vulnerability. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between affective temperament and mood swings in bipolar disorder. We explored these clinical features retrospectively. Methods: Patients who met the criteria for bipolar I disorder were enrolled in the study. Exclusion criteria were partial remittance and a full affective or psychotic episode. Data concerning… Expand
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