Early Mixed Farming of Millet and Rice 7800 Years Ago in the Middle Yellow River Region, China

@article{Zhang2012EarlyMF,
  title={Early Mixed Farming of Millet and Rice 7800 Years Ago in the Middle Yellow River Region, China},
  author={Jianping Zhang and Houyuan Lu and Wanfa Gu and Naiqin Wu and Kunshu Zhou and Yayi Hu and Yingjun Xin and Can Wang},
  journal={PLoS ONE},
  year={2012},
  volume={7}
}
The Peiligang Culture (9000-7000 cal. yr BP) in the Middle Yellow River region, North China, has long been considered representative of millet farming. It is still unclear, however, if broomcorn millet or foxtail millet was the first species domesticated during the Peiligang Culture. Furthermore, it is also unknown whether millet was cultivated singly or together with rice at the same period. In this study, phytolith analysis of samples from the Tanghu archaeological site reveals early crop… Expand
Phytoliths reveal the earliest interplay of rice and broomcorn millet at the site of Shuangdun (ca. 7.3–6.8 ka BP) in the middle Huai River valley, China
Abstract The middle Huai River valley, located in the climatic, cultural and agricultural transitional zone in the central-eastern China during the Neolithic, occupies an important position in theExpand
Wild plant use and multi-cropping at the early Neolithic Zhuzhai site in the middle Yellow River region, China
Sediments from ash pits and cultural layers at the Peiligang and Yangshao period site of Zhuzhai, near Zhengzhou on the Yellow River, were floated to recover charred macrobotanical remains. InExpand
Prehistoric evolution of the dualistic structure mixed rice and millet farming in China
Compared with the monistic structure of crop agriculture in Southwest Asia and Mesoamerica, agriculture in ancient China reflects the characteristics of a dualistic structure with millet in the northExpand
From Early Domesticated Rice of the Middle Yangtze Basin to Millet, Rice and Wheat Agriculture: Archaeobotanical Macro-Remains from Baligang, Nanyang Basin, Central China (6700–500 BC)
TLDR
Data is interpreted as indicating early opportunistic cultivation of alluvial floodplains and some rainfed rice, developing into more systematic and probably irrigated cultivation starting in the Yangshao period, which intensified in the Qujialing and Shijiahe period, before a shift back to an emphasis on millets with the Late Longshan cultural influence from the north. Expand
Cultivation strategies at the ancient Luanzagangzi settlement on the easternmost Eurasian steppe during the late Bronze Age
A significant body of recent research shows that the first east–west transmission of cereal crops, Triticum spp. (wheat) and Hordeum spp. (barley) from the west and millets (Setaria italica, foxtailExpand
Phytolith records of rice agriculture during the Middle Neolithic in the middle reaches of Huai River region, China
Abstract The Shunshanji site is one of the earliest archaeological sites identified in the middle reaches of Huai River region. Using phytolith analysis, 66 samples from 3 exposed profiles at theExpand
The emergence, development and regional differences of mixed farming of rice and millet in the upper and middle Huai River Valley, China
Mixed farming of rice and millet is one of the basic agricultural modes in the upper and middle Huai River Valley (HRV). According to the latest data, this agricultural mode appeared during theExpand
Temporal changes of mixed millet and rice agriculture in Neolithic-Bronze Age Central Plain, China: Archaeobotanical evidence from the Zhuzhai site
Mixed millet and rice agriculture is a unique agricultural style of China, and is distributed in a broad band between the Yangtze and Yellow River basin. However, the development of this style duringExpand
The spatial pattern of farming and factors influencing it during the Peiligang culture period in the middle Yellow River valley, China
The Peiligang culture is the earliest Neolithic culture in the middle Yellow River valley and represents the emergence of cereal farming in the region. Present records imply the concurrence of milletExpand
A preliminary study of early agriculture practices at the Haojiatai site in Luohe city, Henan Province
As the most fundamental economic sector of human societies, farming has played a significant role in interactions between humans and the environment. The study of crop patterns in various regionsExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 88 REFERENCES
Wild and domesticated forms of rice (Oryza sp.) in early agriculture at Qingpu, lower Yangtze, China: evidence from phytoliths
TLDR
Results presented here support the existence of a period of overlap, during which both wild and domesticated forms of rice were cultivated, rather than a linear transition from wild to domesticated rice cultivation, and the possible influence of environmental factors over farming in an area subjected to frequent flooding. Expand
Phytolith evidence for rice cultivation and spread in Mid-Late Neolithic archaeological sites in central North China
The history of rice (Oryza sativa) cultivation in North China is ambiguous owing to a lack of evidence from rice remains with precise ages in archaeological sites. In this paper, we present riceExpand
New Archaeobotanic Data for the Study of the Origins of Agriculture in China
  • Z. Zhao
  • Geography
  • Current Anthropology
  • 2011
In the past 10 years, flotation techniques have been introduced and implemented in Chinese archaeology. As a result, a tremendous quantity of plant remains have been recovered from archaeologicalExpand
Plants and people from the Early Neolithic to Shang periods in North China
TLDR
An assemblage of charred plant remains collected from 26 sites in the Yiluo valley of North China as part of an archaeological survey spans the period from the sixth millennium to 1300 calibrated calendrical years (cal) B.C, informing an assessment of the sequence of agricultural development in the region. Expand
Study on the Remains of Ancient Rice from Kuahuqiao Site in Zhejiang Province
TLDR
It could be assumed from the results that the lower reaches of the Yangtze River are the home of rice cultivation, and that the ancient rice excavated from Kuahuqiao site was an incompletely differentiated population. Expand
The Finds and Morphological Study of Carbonized Rice in the Neolithic Site at Jiahu in Wuyang County, Henan Province
Through diffusing-sieving, a lot of carbonized caryopses of rice were found in the samples which were collected from the Neolithic site at Jiahu in Wuyang County, Henan Province (33°37' N, 133°40'E).Expand
Early cultivated wheat and broadening of agriculture in Neolithic China
Evidence for cultivated wheat at 4650 cal. yr BP, as part of a broadening agricultural-based society (4650—4300 cal. yr BP), is presented from Xishanping in northwest China. This was established fromExpand
Notes on the recent discovery of ancient cultivated rice at Jiahu, Henan Province: a new theory
China is one of the places for the origin of the Asian cultivated rice (Oka 1988), but there are different theories for precise locations where ancient cultivated rice first originated, includingExpand
Rice domestication and climatic change: phytolith evidence from East China
Fossil rice phytoliths have been identified from a lateglacial to Holocene sequence of epicontinental sediments in the East China Sea that were probably transported by the Yangtze River from itsExpand
Earliest domestication of common millet (Panicum miliaceum) in East Asia extended to 10,000 years ago
TLDR
The research reveals that the common millet was the earliest dry farming crop in East Asia, which is probably attributed to its excellent resistance to drought. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...