Early Hominid Population Densities: New Estimates

  title={Early Hominid Population Densities: New Estimates},
  author={Noel T Boaz},
  pages={592 - 595}
  • N. Boaz
  • Published 2 November 1979
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • Science
Proportional faunal representations in excavated fossil occurrences (Shungura Formation, Omo, Ethiopia) are very similar to modern sub-Saharan mammalian faunal proportions in a variety of environments. Early hominids comprise between 0.6 and 1.6 percent of the excavated assemblage, corrected to reflect numbers of individuals. With allochthonous faunal localities for comparison, direct analogies to modern fauna suggest early hominid population densities of between 0.006 to 1.7 individuals per… 
Wide-ranging chimpanzees at Mt. Assirik, Senegal
This community of wild chimpanzees in far western Africa has one of the lowest densities and largest home ranges of all populations of chimpanzees studied so far and may provide a useful model for the reconstruction of hominid evolution in the Plio-Pleistocene.
Palaeoenvironments of the Siwaliks and Prospects of finding Plio-Pleistocene Hominids*
The Siwalik Hills cover a great distance of about 2,400 kilometers between river Indus in the west and the river Brahmputra in the east comprising of over 7 km thick Himalayan wash out molasses
Scavenging or Hunting in Early Hominids: Theoretical Framework and Tests
Evidence from Bed I, Olduvai, supports the hypothesis that scavenging, not hunting, was the major meat-procurement strategy of hominids between 2 and 1.7 million years ago. Data used to evaluate the
Probability, Populations, Phylogenetics, and Hominin Speciation
These articles introduce a number of problems in the interpretation of speciation in hominins, including the degradation of the ancient DNA and its interpretation as authentic genetic information, and the theory of haplotypes in the mtDNA.
Sustainable human population density in Western Europe between 560.000 and 360.000 years ago
The time period between 560 and 360 ka (MIS14 to MIS11) was critical for the evolution of the Neanderthal lineage and the appearance of Levallois technology in Europe. The shifts in the distribution
Tempo and mode in hominid evolution
The nature of human evolution has been viewed recently as a specific example of a more general model of evolution termed ‘punctuated equilibrium’, but careful analysis of the hominid fossil record suggests no well documented examples of either stasis or punctuation.
Discovering the opposite shore: How did hominins cross sea straits?
This study presents a generalized agent-based model for simulating the crossing of a water barrier where the agents represent the hominin individuals, and introduces the crossing-success-rate (CSR) to quantify the performance in water crossing.
The Evolution of the Advanced Hominid Brain [and Comments and Reply]
The evolution of the advanced hominid brain is likely the result of ongoing stochastic genetic processes that keep the eukaryotic genome in a state of genetic flux without reference to the selection pressures generated by macroscopic biotic communities.


New perspectives in vertebrate paleoecology from a recent bone assemblage
The Amboseli bone assemblage provides a modern analogue for taphonomical processes which may have affected fossil assemblages derived from paleo-land surfaces prior to fluvial transport and helps to define limits of resolution in interpreting paleoecological information from such fossil assemblelages.
Minimum Numbers and Sample Size in Vertebrate Faunal Analysis
  • D. Grayson
  • Environmental Science
    American Antiquity
  • 1978
The relationship between the minimum number of individuals calculated for a given taxon and the number of specimens collected from which these values were calculated is explored.
An Approach to the Paleoecology of Mammals
The activity patterns, as measured by gill-net catches, indicated that all the perch were very inactive during the hours of darkness, and light appeared to play an important role in the timing of the beginning and ending of the day's activity.
A field guide to the larger mammals of Africa
Provides descriptions of the characteristics, habits, distribution, and migration patterns of African mammals.
Earliest Man and Environments
  • Eds. (Univ. of Chicago Press, Chicago,
  • 1976
Earliest man and environments in the lake rudolf basin
These were determined either by using body parts as to side Qeft or right) or single body parts characterized with no respect to side
    Bogz, thesis, University of California, Berkeley
    • 1977