Early European may have had Neanderthal great-great-grandparent

  title={Early European may have had Neanderthal great-great-grandparent},
  author={Ewen Callaway},
Genome of 40,000-year-old jaw from Romania suggests humans interbred with Neanderthals in Europe. 


Genome sequence of a 45,000-year-old modern human from western Siberia
We present the high-quality genome sequence of a ∼45,000-year-old modern human male from Siberia. This individual derives from a population that lived before—or simultaneously with—the separation of
Levantine cranium from Manot Cave (Israel) foreshadows the first European modern humans
Manot 1 is the only modern human specimen to provide evidence that during the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic interface, both modern humans and Neanderthal contemporaneously inhabited the southern Levant, close in time to the likely interbreeding event with Neanderthals.
The timing and spatiotemporal patterning of Neanderthal disappearance
Improved accelerator mass spectrometry 14C techniques are applied to construct robust chronologies from 40 key Mousterian and Neanderthal archaeological sites, showing that there was ample time for the transmission of cultural and symbolic behaviours, as well as possible genetic exchanges, between the two groups.
An early modern human from the Peştera cu Oase, Romania
The Oase 1 mandible presents a mosaic of archaic, early modern human and possibly Neandertal morphological features, emphasizing both the complex population dynamics of modern human dispersal into Europe and the subsequent morphological evolution of European early modern humans.