Early Eocene Frogs from Vastan Lignite Mine, Gujarat, India

  title={Early Eocene Frogs from Vastan Lignite Mine, Gujarat, India},
  author={Annelise Folie and Rajendra Singh Rana and Kenneth D. Rose and Ashok Sahni and Kishor Kumar and Lachham Singh and Thierry Smith},
The Ypresian Cambay Shale Formation of Vastan Lignite Mine in Gujarat, western India, has yielded a rich vertebrate fauna, including the earliest modern mammals of the Indian subcontinent. Here we describe its assemblage of four frogs, including two new genera and species, based on numerous, diverse and well-preserved ilia and vertebrae. An abundant frog, Eobarbourula delfinoi gen. and sp. nov., with a particular vertebral articulation similar to a zygosphene-zygantrum complex, represents the… 
High diversity of acrodontan lizards in the Early Eocene Vastan Lignite Mine of India
The results confirm that Acrodonta is the only lizard group present in Vastan, whereas many other groups are already present from the beginning of the Early Eocene on the other continents, and tentatively support the Out-of-India hypothesis for agamids.
New early Eocene vertebrate assemblage from western India reveals a mixed fauna of European and Gondwana affinities
Frogs (Amphibia, Anura) from the Eocene and Oligocene of the Phosphorites du Quercy (France). An overview
  • J. Rage
  • Geography, Environmental Science
  • 2016
Abstract Anuran assemblages from the Eocene and Oligocene of the Phosphorites du Quercy (southwestern France) are documented by a modest number of isolated bones, incomplete skulls, and some
New insights into Europe’s most diverse Late Cretaceous anuran assemblage from the Maastrichtian of western Romania
The Romanian Maastrichtian anuran assemblage is the most diverse yet documented for the European Late Cretaceous, but differs in having more alytid taxa and a pelobatid-like taxon, and in lacking the palaeobatrachids seen in the Campanian–MaastrichTian of Western Europe.
New specimens of the early Eocene bird Vastanavis and the interrelationships of stem group Psittaciformes
A morphologically distinctive distal humerus of a small bird resembling the stem group nyctibiid Paraprefica, which was discovered in the most recent excavation in Vastan Lignite Mine, is discovered.
Eocene Western European endemic genus Thaumastosaurus: new insights into the question “Are the Ranidae known prior to the Oligocene?”
Taking the fossil record and the climate evolution of that time into account, it can be concluded that Thaumastosaurus represents one of the groups among the vertebrates that disappeared during the large extinction event at the Eo–Oligocene transition, known as the Grande Coupure.
The Earliest Record of the Endemic African Frog Family Ptychadenidae from the Oligocene Nsungwe Formation of Tanzania
The Ranoidea is thought to have initially diversified in Africa, but the African fossil record of anurans in the Mesozoic and Paleogene is generally poor, with the Afro-Arabian record limited primarily to pipoid frogs.
New Specimens of Frugivastodon (Mammalia: Apatotheria) from the Early Eocene of India Confirm Its Apatemyid Status and Elucidate Dispersal of Apatemyidae
We here describe 18 new specimens of the sole apatemyid mammal known outside North America and Europe: Frugivastodon cristatus from the early Eocene Cambay Shale Formation of Vastan Lignite Mine,


A Diverse Snake Fauna from the Early Eocene of Vastan Lignite Mine, Gujarat, India
The number of taxa that represent the Colubroidea or at least the Caenophidia, i.e., advanced snakes, is astonishing for the Eocene, consistent with the view that Asia played an important part in the early history of these taxa.
Early Eocene land mammals from the Vastan Lignite Mine, District Surat (Gujarat), western India
We report the discovery of an early Eocene (middle Ypresian, approximately 52 Ma) land mammal fauna from sediments associated with the lignite deposits of Vastan Mine, District Surat, Gujarat. The
Early Eocene primates from Gujarat, India.
Quercypsitta-Like Birds from the Early Eocene of India (Aves, ?Psittaciformes)
It is concluded that, at least concerning the arboreal taxa, the early Eocene avifauna of India shows some concordances with the much better known one from the late Eocene of Europe, and is assigned to a new family, Vastanavidae.
Agamid lizards from the early eocene of western India: oldest cenozoic lizards from south Asia
The discovery of agamid lizards from the Lower Eocene of Vastan Lignite Mine, western India, is reported, based on a number of dentaries and one maxilla, which appear more closely related to Tikiguania estesi, a Late Triassic taxon from India, than to the various species of Tinosaurus known from the Paleogene of North America, Europe and Asia.
Age of the Vastan lignite in context of some oldest cenozoic fossil mammals from India
A highly diverse assemblage of mammal and other continental vertebrate fossils is reported in recent years from Vastan lignite mine (21°25′47″ N; 73°07′30″ E). Its importance in testing
An Ailuravine Rodent from the Lower Eocene Cambay Formation at Vastan, Western India, and Its Palaeobiogeographic Implications
A new ailuravine rodent, Meldimys musak sp. nov. (Mammalia: Rodentia, Ischyromyidae), is recorded from the lower Eocene lignites of western India. It is the oldest record of Rodentia from India. M.
Early Eocene Artiodactyls (Mammalia) from Western India
New dentitions, including dentaries and upper teeth of Diacodexis indicus from Vastan are described, providing better characterization of this Asian diacodexeid (Artiodactyla: Mammalia) than was available earlier.
A new genus and species of discoglossid frog from the Upper Cretaceous of the Gobi Desert
ABSTRACT Gobiates kermeentsavi, n. gen., n. sp., from the Cretaceous of the Gobi desert, Mongolian People's Republic, is characterized by a large fontanelle in the frontoparietal, a complete
First Tillodont from India: Additional Evidence for an Early Eocene Faunal Connection between Europe and India?
VastanLigniteMine in southeasternGujarat, India, produces the oldest known Cenozoic land−mammals and the only early Eocene continental vertebrate fauna known from India (e.g., Bajpai et al. 2005;