Early Domesticated Fig in the Jordan Valley

  title={Early Domesticated Fig in the Jordan Valley},
  author={Mordechai E. Kislev and Anat Hartmann and Ofer Bar‐Yosef},
  pages={1372 - 1374}
It is generally accepted that the fig tree was domesticated in the Near East some 6500 years ago. Here we report the discovery of nine carbonized fig fruits and hundreds of drupelets stored in Gilgal I, an early Neolithic village, located in the Lower Jordan Valley, which dates to 11,400 to 11,200 years ago. We suggest that these edible fruits were gathered from parthenocarpic trees grown from intentionally planted branches. Hence, fig trees could have been the first domesticated plant of the… 
Comment on "Early Domesticated Fig in the Jordan Valley"
It is argued that the finds do not necessarily indicate cultivation, nor horticulture predating grain crops, because parthenocarpic fig trees naturally produce both seeded and seedless fruits and are capable of spontaneous reproduction.
Response to Comment on "Early Domesticated Fig in the Jordan Valley"
It is argued that planting branches of selected fig trees constitutes a form of domestication, and the simplicity of fig tree propagation likely contributed to its domestication before cereal crops.
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