Earliest human occupations at Dmanisi (Georgian Caucasus) dated to 1.85-1.78 Ma.

@article{Ferring2011EarliestHO,
  title={Earliest human occupations at Dmanisi (Georgian Caucasus) dated to 1.85-1.78 Ma.},
  author={Reid Ferring and Oriol Oms and Jordi Agust{\'i} and Francesco Berna and Medea Nioradze and Teona Shelia and Martha Tappen and Abesalom Vekua and David Zhvania and David Lordkipanidze},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
  year={2011},
  volume={108 26},
  pages={10432-6}
}
The early Pleistocene colonization of temperate Eurasia by Homo erectus was not only a significant biogeographic event but also a major evolutionary threshold. Dmanisi's rich collection of hominin fossils, revealing a population that was small-brained with both primitive and derived skeletal traits, has been dated to the earliest Upper Matuyama chron (ca. 1.77 Ma). Here we present archaeological and geologic evidence that push back Dmanisi's first occupations to shortly after 1.85 Ma and… CONTINUE READING
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