Earliest Evidence for Ground-Edge Axes: 35,400±410 cal BP from Jawoyn Country, Arnhem Land

@article{Geneste2010EarliestEF,
  title={Earliest Evidence for Ground-Edge Axes: 35,400±410 cal BP from Jawoyn Country, Arnhem Land},
  author={J.-M. Geneste and Bruno David and H. Plisson and Chris Clarkson and Jean-Jacques Delannoy and Fiona Petchey and R. L. Whear},
  journal={Australian Archaeology},
  year={2010},
  volume={71},
  pages={66 - 69}
}
Abstract Evidence for the world’s earliest stone tools dates to 3.4 million years ago and pre-dates the earliest known Homo species in eastern Africa. However ground-edged tools did not appear until the dispersal of cognitively fully modern Homo sapiens sapiens out of Africa. We report on the discovery of the earliest securely dated ground-edge implement in the world at Nawarla Gabarnmang (northern Australia). The fragment of ground-edge axe is sandwiched between four statistically… 
World’s earliest ground-edge axe production coincides with human colonisation of Australia
Abstract We report evidence for the world’s earliest ground-edge axe, 44–49,000 years old. Its antiquity coincides with or immediately follows the arrival of humans on the Australian landmass.
Human occupation of northern Australia by 65,000 years ago
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The results of new excavations conducted at Madjedbebe, a rock shelter in northern Australia, set a new minimum age of around 65,000 years ago for the arrival of humans in Australia, the dispersal of modern humans out of Africa, and the subsequent interactions ofmodern humans with Neanderthals and Denisovans.
Non-destructive Provenancing of Ground-Edged Mafic Artifacts: A Holocene Case Study from the Sydney Basin, Australia
ABSTRACT Ground-edged artifacts were an important part of the Australian Aboriginal toolkit. They had practical day-to-day uses, but some had symbolic and social values that led to their movement
Occupation at Carpenters Gap 3, Windjana Gorge, Kimberley, Western Australia
Abstract Carpenters Gap 3 (CG3), a limestone cave and shelter complex in the Napier Range, Western Australia, was occupied by Aboriginal people intermittently from over 30,000 years ago through to
Dating The Present At Nawarla Gabarnmang: Time and function in the art of a major Jawoyn rock art and occupation site in western Arnhem Land
Abstract Nawarla Gabarnmang is a major rock art and occupation rockshelter in the Jawoyn lands of western Arnhem Land. On the basis of (1) dating of beeswax underlying pigment art, (2) the presence
Nawarla Gabarnmang, a 45,180±910 cal BP Site in Jawoyn Country, Southwest Arnhem Land Plateau
Abstract Recent excavations at Nawarla Gabarnmang in Jawoyn country, southwest Arnhem Land have produced a long sequence of AMS radiocarbon determinations on individual pieces of charcoal reliably
Observations on edge-ground stone hatchets with hafting modifications in Western Australia
Abstract In 1972 Charlie Dortch reported the discovery of grooved, ground-edge stone hatchet-heads in an archaeological site at Stonewall Creek in the east Kimberley in Western Australia (WA). This
The archaeology of Maliwawa: 25,000 years of occupation in the Wellington Range, Arnhem Land
Abstract The archaeology of Bald Rock 1, Bald Rock 2 and Bald Rock 3 at the sandstone outcrop of Maliwawa has established ∼25,000 years of Indigenous occupation in the Wellington Range, northwestern
Towards an Accurate and Precise Chronology for the Colonization of Australia: The Example of Riwi, Kimberley, Western Australia
TLDR
An extensive series of 44 radiocarbon (14C) and 37 optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) ages have been obtained from the site of Riwi, south central Kimberley (NW Australia), demonstrating human occupation at this site from 46.4–44.6 cal kBP (95.4% probability range).
65,000-years of continuous grinding stone use at Madjedbebe, Northern Australia
Grinding stones and ground stone implements are important technological innovations in later human evolution, allowing the exploitation and use of new plant foods, novel tools (e.g., bone points and
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