Ear Problems in Swimmers

  title={Ear Problems in Swimmers},
  author={Mao-Che Wang and Chia-Yu Liu and An-Suey Shiao and Tyrone Wang},
  journal={Journal of the Chinese Medical Association},
Clinical and Laboratory Findings in Otitis Media with Otitis Externa Presentations
Estimation of the presence or absence of eardrum perforation in patients with otitis externa, can be helpful in the selection of therapy, due to the prevalence of bacterial and fungal species which were isolated from in this study.
Evidence-based treatment of acute otitis externa
There appears to be confusion over the roles of topical and oral antibiotics, as well as concerns about ototoxicity and the emergence of microbial resistance potentially caused by topical preparations, in patients with acute otitis externa.
Bacterial Otitis Externa in Patients Attending an ENT Clinic in Babol, North of Iran
Direct examination and culture showed that a mixed infection of fungi and bacteria is the most common cause of otitis externa, and Bacilli spp.
Clinical profile of Otomycosis: a hospital based study at central terrain region of Nepal
Otomycosis is one of the most common presenting problems in otorhinolaryngology OPD and Females are affected more than males, aspergillus niger implicated the most and ear itching is the mostCommon presenting symptom.
Epidemiology, causative agents, and risk factors affecting human otomycosis infections.
The epidemiological profile of otomycosis infection varied according to different factors in the study population, with manual workers and students having the highest frequency based on occupational incidence.
The middle ear may be involved in case of a perforated tympanic membrane, and the mastoid cavity may be affected if an open cavity mastoid surgery is performed previously.
Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo Caused By Swimming
A 58 year old, female patient admitted to Ear Nose Throat Clinic with sudden onset of vertigo and nausea was diagnosed as BPPV and recommended to mainly use the backstroke style in which the head is in a more fixed position.
Seasonal variation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in culture positive otitis externa in South East England
A combination of increased contact with water during warm weather in the holiday season and increased rainfall in the preceding season as a putative mechanism for the seasonal trends is postulate.


Otitis externa associated with aquatic activities (swimmer's ear).
Cotton-tip applicators as a leading cause of otitis externa.
Treatment of External Auditory Canal Exostoses
Surgical experience with the authors' surgical experience with 18 patients (27 ears) who have undergone surgical removal of exostoses is reviewed, and their preferred surgical technique of transmeatal removal ofExostoses with a specialized mallet and thin chisel under local anesthesia is described.
Evaluation for waterproof ear protectors in swimmers
  • A. Robinson
  • Medicine
    The Journal of Laryngology & Otology
  • 1989
The results showed conclusively that cotton wool coated in paraffin jelly BPC was the most effective method of ear protection and was found to be comfortable and easy to use.
Tympanomastoidectomy. A 25-year experience.
Since 1956, 1,540 tympanomastoidectomy procedures for cholesteatoma or chronic suppurative otitis media with mastoiditis have been performed; 180, done from 1972 through 1980, were reviewed in detail
Water precautions in children with tympanostomy tubes.
Young children with tympanostomy tubes who surface swim and do not dive receive no additional benefit from the taking of water precautions in the form of earplugs or antibiotic ear drops.
Tympanostomy tubes and liquids--an in vitro study.
The study implies that limitation of swimming activities or liquid exposure of the ear with a tympanostomy tube in all children may be inappropriate.
Tympanostomy tubes and water exposure: a practical model.
Data provide further evidence that many water precautions frequently advised in patients with TTs are unnecessary, and showering, hair rinsing, and head submersion in clean tap water do not promote water entry into the middle ear.
Non-Explosive blast injury of the ear
Healing of the perforation was always associated with closure of the air-bone gap, while the results of the sensorineural hearing loss recovery were less favourable.