Advanced Compressive Extension Injuries of the Subaxial Cervical Spine: Do we really understand the nuances of this injury?
- The spine journal : official journal of the North American Spine Society
To identify characteristics of compression extension injuries with vertebral body displacement (CE4 and CE5) from a series of surgically treated subaxial cervical spine fractures, a secondary aim was to identify specific characteristics that may guide treatment or affect prognosis. Expand
Cervical Spine Fracture-Dislocation
This chapter considers the assessment and surgical treatment of fracture-dislocations of the subaxial spine. Expand
Sequential neurological improvements after conservative treatment in patients with complete motor paralysis caused by cervical spinal cord injury without bone and disc injury.
- Journal of neurosurgery. Spine
Even in patients with complete motor paralysis caused by cervical SCI without bone and disc injury within 72 hours after trauma, approximately 30% of the patients with an AIS grade of A and 85% of The American Spinal Injury Association Impairment Scale (AIS) improved neurologically after conservative treatment. Expand
Management of Sub-axial Cervical Spine Injuries
- Indian journal of orthopaedics
The definitive management of sub-axial cervical spine injuries is based upon recognition of the fracture pattern, assessment of the degree of instability, the presence or absence of neurologic deficit, and other patient related factors that may influence the outcome. Expand
Stage 4 Compressive-Extension Injury of the Cervical Spine: A Theoretical Stage?
This study reports the radiographic findings and describes the surgical treatment of the cases of stage 4 compressive-extension injury and concludes that CES-4 is not a theoretical stage. Expand
National athletic trainers' association position statement: acute management of the cervical spine-injured athlete.
- Journal of athletic training
Recommendations are based on current evidence pertaining to prevention strategies to reduce the incidence of cervical spine injuries in sport; emergency planning and preparation to increase management efficiency. Expand
Spinal cord transection distal to a cervical fracture-dislocation in a young child: Mechanism of injury
The case of a young child who not only suffered such a rare and devastating injury but also received other injuries, including a remote cervical fracture that caused a secondary site of spinal cord injury, that provide insight into the extreme forces that were involved. Expand
The Efficacy of the Modified Classification System of Soft Tissue Injury in Extension Injury of the Lower Cervical Spine
The severity of soft tissue injury was found to be closely associated with the development of cord injury in patients that had experienced a distractive-extension injury during the past 5 years. Expand
Neck Injury Mechanisms During Direct Face Impact
A flexion motion of the upper or middle cervical spine during direct face impact is detected, and it is speculated that neck injury would occur in this retraction-like curvature of the cervical spine. Expand
Successful conservative management of traumatic cervical spine fracture-dislocation
- British journal of neurosurgery
This was a hyperextension injury, causing fracture of the posterior elements and disruption of the longitudinal ligaments, allowing the spinal cord to be displaced backward, minimizing cord damage and ligamentous rupture also minimizes vascular damage. Expand