EXPOSE, an Astrobiological Exposure Facility on the International Space Station - from Proposal to Flight

@article{Rabbow2009EXPOSEAA,
  title={EXPOSE, an Astrobiological Exposure Facility on the International Space Station - from Proposal to Flight},
  author={Elke Rabbow and Gerda Horneck and Petra Rettberg and J. U. Schott and Corinna Panitz and Andrea L’Afflitto and Ralf von Heise-Rotenburg and R. Willnecker and Pietro Baglioni and Jason Hatton and J. Dettmann and Ren{\'e} Demets and G{\"u}nther Reitz},
  journal={Origins of Life and Evolution of Biospheres},
  year={2009},
  volume={39},
  pages={581-598}
}
Following an European Space Agency announcement of opportunity in 1996 for ”Externally mounted payloads for 1st utilization phase” on the International Space Station (ISS), scientists working in the fields of astrobiology proposed experiments aiming at long-term exposure of a variety of chemical compounds and extremely resistant microorganisms to the hostile space environment. The ESA exposure facility EXPOSE was built and an operations´ concept was prepared. The EXPOSE experiments were… 

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TLDR
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TLDR
In the frame of the EXPOSE-E mission on the Columbus external payload facility EuTEF on board the International Space Station, passive thermoluminescence dosimeters were applied to measure the radiation exposure of biological samples, demonstrating the high shielding of the biological experiments within the EXPose-E facility.

Time profile of cosmic radiation exposure during the EXPOSE-E mission: the R3DE instrument.

TLDR
The main results of the present study include the following: three different radiation sources were detected and quantified-galactic cosmic rays (GCR), energetic protons from the South Atlantic Anomaly (SAA) region of the inner radiation belt, and energetic electrons from the outer radiation belt (ORB).

The PUR Experiment on the EXPOSE-R facility: biological dosimetry of solar extraterrestrial UV radiation

Abstract The aim of our experiment Phage and Uracil Response was to extend the use of bacteriophage T7 and uracil biological dosimeters for measuring the biologically effective ultraviolet (UV) dose
...

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