EXPLAINING THE DECLINE OF TEACHER APTITUDE IN THE UNITED STATES

@inproceedings{Hoxby2003EXPLAININGTD,
  title={EXPLAINING THE DECLINE OF TEACHER APTITUDE IN THE UNITED STATES},
  author={Caroline Minter Hoxby and Andrew Leigh},
  year={2003}
}
There are two main hypotheses for the decline in the aptitude of public school teachers since 1960: improved job opportunities for females in other occupations and the compression of teaching wages owing to unionization. Using data on several college graduating cohorts from 1961 to 1997, we investigate both hypotheses. To separate the hypotheses, we exploit the fact that states varied considerably in the progress of unionization and female wage parity. We proxy for a teacher's aptitude with the… 

Tables from this paper

Teacher Pay and Teacher Aptitude
Can changes in teacher pay encourage more able individuals to enter the teaching profession? So far, studies of the impact of pay on the aptitude distribution of teachers have provided mixed evidence
Women, the labor market, and the declining relative quality of teachers
School officials and policymakers have grown increasingly concerned about their ability to attract and retain talented teachers. A number of authors have shown that in recent years the brightest
How and Why Has Teacher Quality Changed in Australia?
International research suggests that differences in teacher performance can explain a large portion of student achievement. Yet little is known about how the quality of the Australian teaching
Teachers and Tipping Points: Historical Origins of the Teacher Quality Crisis
A current line of thought in the economic literature attributes the decline in teacher quality in recent decades to the expansion of women’s job opportunities outside of teaching (Temin, 2002;
Competition’s Effect on Teacher Pay and Teacher Characteristics
of Dissertation COMPETITION’S EFFECT ON TEACHER PAY AND TEACHER CHARACTERISTICS This dissertation adds to the literature that examines the effect of competition and school choice reform in elementary
Is rising non-teacher pay to blame for falling teacher quality? Lessons from the introduction of the birth control pill
The average quality of teachers declined precipitously between 1960 and 2000, coinciding with a decline in the ratio of pay in teaching as compared to pay in alternative professions: relative pay.
Long-Run Trends in the Quality of Teachers: Evidence and Implications for Policy
One of the key provisions of the No Child Left Behind Act requires states to ensure that every teacher be highly qualified. Though the meaning of highly qualified remains hotly contested, the
Shortages of Math and Science Teachers and the Feminization of Teachers : A Common Reason
Two concerns in US education are shortages of qualified math and science teachers and the feminization of teaching. I draw on the National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988 to identify a common
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-7 OF 7 REFERENCES
How Teachers' Unions Affect Education Production
This study helps to explain why measured school inputs appear to have little effect on student outcomes, particularly for cohorts educated since 1960. Teachers' unionization can explain how public
Do Teachers Really Leave for Higher Paying Jobs in Alternative Occupations?
Abstract There is a common perception that teacher attrition is driven in large part by the allure of higher paying jobs in alternative occupations. However, little is known about what teachers do
Some thoughts on the distribution of earnings
Changing Labor Market Opportunities for Women and the Quality of Teachers 1957–1992
  • National Bureau of Economic Research
  • 2002
Changing Labor Market Opportunities for Women and the Quality of Teachers 1957 – 1992
  • 2002
Changing Labor-Market Opportunities for Women and the Quality of Teachers, 1957-2000
  • 2004