author={Steven Oliver and Kai Ostwald},
  journal={Journal of East Asian Studies},
  pages={129 - 156}
Abstract The People's Action Party (PAP) of Singapore is one of the world's longest ruling dominant parties, having won every general election since the country's independence in 1965. Why do Singaporeans consistently vote for the PAP, contrary to the expectations of democratization theories? We argue that valence considerations—specifically, perceptions of party credibility—are the main factor in the voting behavior of Singapore's electorate, and are critical to explaining the PAP's resilience… 
Migration status and attitude towards authoritarian rule: the case of Singapore’s naturalized citizens
ABSTRACT Immigration has become a controversial issue in Singapore, an enduring Southeast Asian electoral autocracy. One of the controversies concerns how immigrants would influence Singapore’s
State Repression and Democratic Dispensation in Uganda 1996–2016
State repression covers several and many aspects such as wrongful detention, harassment, intimidation, torture, beating, and killings within state boundaries. This study adopted a desk survey
Voting Behavior Under Doubts of Ballot Secrecy
Ballot secrecy is a cornerstone of electoral democracy, since its real or perceived absence can make voters reluctant to express their true political preferences at the ballot box. While much work
Critical Actors in a Dominant-Party Parliament? Representing Marginalised Communities in Singapore
Who speaks for marginalised communities in dominant-party parliaments, where electoral accountability is weak? While existing work demonstrates the persistent salience of a legislator’s personal


Complementary Institutions in Authoritarian Regimes: The Everyday Politics of Constituency Service in Singapore
  • Elvin Ong
  • Political Science
    Journal of East Asian Studies
  • 2015
Recent political science research has suggested that autocrats adopt a variety of institutions such as nominally democratic elections and ruling parties to buttress authoritarian durability. In this
Opposition Coordination in Singapore’s 2015 General Elections
Abstract Recent political science scholarship suggests that when opposition political parties are able to coalesce into a united coalition against an authoritarian regime, they will perform better in
Communitarian Ideology and Democracy in Singapore
  • B. Chua
  • Sociology, Political Science
  • 1995
The economic success of Singapore has established the country as a model for other nations. Yet until now the ideas behind this accomplishment have not been critically examined. Communitarian
Clientelism and Control: PAP’s Fight for Safety in GE2015
Abstract This article looks at the reasons the People’s Action Party (PAP) secured its decisive victory in the 2015 general election. The discussion examines the impact of the campaign and
Valence Issues in African Elections
Previous analyses of African politics have mistaken parties’ dearth of position taking on issues as an absence of substantive electoral debate. The authors demonstrate that political parties tackle
A Return to Normal Politics: Singapore General Elections 2011
  • T. Chong
  • History
    Turning Points and Transitions
  • 2018
Change is not always about the new. Occasionally, it is about the reappearance of the old. This is easily missed in a country that takes deep pride in perpetual self-transformation, and nowhere was
Change in Voting: Singapore's 2015 General Election
For Singaporeans, the year 2015 will be remembered for its grand celebrations of the nation’s 50th year of independence (SG50), as well as the demise of founding Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew. It was
Singapore Politics Under the People's Action Party
1. What is Remarkable about Singapore? 2. How Singapore Became Independent: Lee Kuan Yew and the People's Action Party (PAP) 3. Locations of Power: The state and the government 4. The People's Action
The Ideology of Pragmatism: Neo-liberal Globalisation and Political Authoritarianism in Singapore
Abstract This article uncovers the strongly ideological quality in Singapore's theory and practice of pragmatism. It also points to a strongly pragmatic quality in the ideological negotiations that