EXPANSION OF GEOGRAPHIC RANGE IN THE PINE PROCESSIONARY MOTH CAUSED BY INCREASED WINTER TEMPERATURES

@article{Battisti2005EXPANSIONOG,
  title={EXPANSION OF GEOGRAPHIC RANGE IN THE PINE PROCESSIONARY MOTH CAUSED BY INCREASED WINTER TEMPERATURES},
  author={Andrea Battisti and M Stastny and Sigrid Netherer and Christelle Robinet and Axel Schopf and Alain Roques and Stig Larsson},
  journal={Ecological Applications},
  year={2005},
  volume={15},
  pages={2084-2096}
}
Global warming is predicted to cause distributional changes in organisms whose geographic ranges are controlled by temperature. We report a recent latitudinal and altitudinal expansion of the pine processionary moth, Thaumetopoea pityocampa, whose larvae build silk nests and feed on pine foliage in the winter. In north-central France (Paris Basin), its range boundary has shifted by 87 km northwards between 1972 and 2004; in northern Italy (Alps), an altitudinal shift of 110–230 m upwards… 

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