author={Daniel C. Ganster},
  journal={Academy of Management Review},
  • D. C. Ganster
  • Published 1 July 2005
  • Psychology
  • Academy of Management Review
Hambrick, Finkelstein, and Mooney advance propositions concerning the effects of job demands on executive leadership and decision-making behaviors. I aim to encourage further thinking in this area, with comments flowing from a consideration of the stress and decision-making literature and the positive affect and problem-solving behavior literature. This perspective suggests both a finer-grained conceptualization of the executive job demands construct informed by specific characteristics of… 
Managerial decision making processes and affective outcomes as a function of individual factors and self-efficacy beliefs
Making decisions in the business environment is arguably the most challenging aspect of managers‘ yet also the easiest to fail in. Unlike individual decisions managers as agents for their
Ethical Decision Making in Organizations : The Role of Leadership Stress Marcus Selart Svein
Across two studies the hypotheses were tested that stressful situations affect both leadership ethical acting and leaders’ recognition of ethical dilemmas. In the studies, decision makers recruited
Ethical Decision Making in Organizations: The Role of Leadership Stress
Across two studies the hypotheses were tested that stressful situations affect both leadership ethical acting and leaders’ recognition of ethical dilemmas. In the studies, decision makers recruited
Executives Sometimes Lose it, Just Like the Rest of Us
In our conceptualization of executive job demands, we sought to integrate a diverse body of literature from strategy, organization theory, and organizational behavior. Ganster suggests that such an
Designing Executive Risk-Taking: An Agenda for Improving Executive Outcomes Through Work Design
Executives exert a pervasive influence on the organizations they lead. As such, scholars have long considered how to calibrate the risks inherent in executive decision making, often relying on
Social, Behavioral, and Cognitive Influences on Upper Echelons During Strategy Process
This study reviews research on the social, behavioral, and cognitive influences on CEOs, top management teams (TMTs), and the CEO-TMT interface during strategic decision making. We identify the key
his research investigated relatedness need satisfaction in senior executives in three studies (two qualitative/ one quantitative). In study 1, we identified a matrix of coping strategies (MoCS) as
Structuring the Decision Process
This chapter includes a discussion of leadership decisions and stress. Many leaders are daily exposed to stress when they must make decisions, and there are often social reasons for this. Social
An Exploratory Study of Time Stress and Its Causes among Government Employees
This article elucidates the temporal dimension of time stress among employees in public organizations. Employees working at five agencies in Indiana were surveyed. Job characteristics and personal
“Grace Under Pressure”: How CEOs Use Serious Leisure to Cope With the Demands of Their Job
  • E. Bunea
  • Business
    Frontiers in Psychology
  • 2020
Novel insights are brought into the ways in which CEOs believe their passionate non-work pursuit supports not only coping with the strain of the top job but also optimal functioning in it, as well as into how they perceive the demands of the CEO role.


Executive Job Demands: New Insights for Explaining Strategic Decisions and Leader Behaviors
Executive jobs vary widely in the difficulty they pose for their incumbents, yet research on top executives and strategic decision making has largely ignored this reality. We build on work in
Should the subjective be the objective? On studying mental processes, coping behavior, and actual exposures in organizational stress research
Emphasis on measuring actual (‘objective’) job exposures has increased in recent organizational behavior/human resource management research. I argue that this approach has greater potential for
Studying job stress: Are we making mountains out of molehills?
Job stress researchers are urged to examine job conditions which threaten workers' experienced quality of life. The relationship between measures of job-related strains and well-being is discussed.
Reconceptualizing the Determinants of Risk Behavior
Past research has resulted in contradictory findings concerning the effect of risk on decision-making behavior in organizations. This article proposes a model that reconciles these unresolved
Affect and managerial performance: A test of the sadder-but-wiser vs. happier-and-smarter hypotheses.
We thank Jennifer Halpern for her role in the original planning of this study and for her contributions to the development of the coding scheme used in this project. This study was made possible by a
Effects of stressful job demands and control on physiological and attitudinal outcomes in a hospital setting.
The job demands--job control model of stress predicted elevations in physiological responses after individuals left work, suggesting that potentially health-impairing reactions to jobs that have high demands and low controllability might carry over to home settings and thus pose a high risk of long-term health impairment.
Organizational behavior: affect in the workplace.
Even though recent interest in affect in the workplace has been intense, many theoretical and methodological opportunities and challenges remain.
On the importance of the objective environment in stress and attribution theory. Counterpoint to Perrewé and Zellars
Perrewe and Zellars (this issue) present a highly ambitious and interesting paper. They argue forcefully that Lazarus' stress theory can be extended by incorporating causal attribution theory and,
Heart and Mind in Conflict: The Interplay of Affect and Cognition in Consumer Decision Making
This article examines how consumer decision making is influenced by automatically evoked task-induced affect and by cognitions that are generated in a more controlled manner on exposure to
Work Stress and Employee Health
We review and summarize the literature on work stress with particular emphasis on those studies that examined the effects of work characteristics on employee health. Although there is not convincing