EUTHERIAN MAMMAL SYSTEMATICS AND THE ORIGINS OFSOUTH AMERICAN UNGULATES AS BASED ON POSTCRANIAL OSTEOLOGY

@inproceedings{Horovitz2004EUTHERIANMS,
  title={EUTHERIAN MAMMAL SYSTEMATICS AND THE ORIGINS OFSOUTH AMERICAN UNGULATES AS BASED ON POSTCRANIAL OSTEOLOGY},
  author={In{\'e}s. Horovitz},
  year={2004}
}
  • I. Horovitz
  • Published 1 December 2004
  • Geography, Environmental Science
Abstract At least seven groups of ungulates occurred in South America during the Tertiary: Litopterna, Notoungulata, Astrapotheria, Xenungulata, Pyrotheria, Didolodontidae, and kollpaniine mioclaenid condylarths. Astrapotheria and Litopterna also occurred in Antarctica. Condylarths from North America and Europe are diverse and numerous and evolutionary relationships of South American ungulates with several of them have been suggested. A phylogenetic analysis of representatives of most living… 

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  • G. Billet
  • Biology
    Journal of Mammalian Evolution
  • 2009
The clustering of Pyrotheria, Notoungulata, and Astrapotheria supports an isolated evolutionary history of these ungulates in South America similar to that of afrotherian mammals in Africa.

Ancient collagen reveals evolutionary history of the endemic South American ‘ungulates’

  • M. Buckley
  • Biology
    Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
  • 2015
A molecular phylogeny for both Macrauchenia patachonica (Litopterna) and Toxodon platensis (Notoungulata) recovered using proteomics-based (liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry) sequencing analyses of bone collagen is presented, placing both taxa in a clade that is monophyletic with the perissodactyls, which today are represented by horses, rhinoceroses and tapirs.

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The Limb Anatomy of Isotemnus, One of the Most Basal Toxodontid Notoungulates (Mammalia, Paso Del Sapo Fauna)

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The phylogenetic placement of the four proterotheriids from the middle Miocene La Venta fauna of Colombia sheds light on the poorly understood long-term isolation of tropical faunas and their degree of exchange with high-latitude regions.

A mitogenomic timetree for Darwin’s enigmatic South American mammal Macrauchenia patachonica

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Inner ear of a notoungulate placental mammal: anatomical description and examination of potentially phylogenetically informative characters

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