ETS1, NFkappaB and AP1 synergistically transactivate the human GM-CSF promoter.

  title={ETS1, NFkappaB and AP1 synergistically transactivate the human GM-CSF promoter.},
  author={Ross S. Thomas and Martin Tymms and Leigh H McKinlay and M. Frances Shannon and A. P. Seth and Ismarl Kola},
  volume={14 23},
Activation of helper T cells results in coordinate expression of a number of cytokines involved in differentiation, proliferation and activation of the haematopoietic system. Granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is one such cytokine, whose increased expression results mostly from increases in transcription. Cis-acting elements with NFkappaB, AP1 and ETS-like binding motifs have been identified in the promoter region of the GM-CSF gene, and are important or essential for… CONTINUE READING


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