ESWL '90 — state of the art

Abstract

The follow-up series after 2 and 3 years show a stone-free rate of 67%-78% and a recurrence rate of 6%-11% [61, 81, 82, 97, 98]. The stone-free rate does not exceed 60% for calculi in the lower calix. This correlates with the results ater percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) plus ESWL for staghorn stones [42]. Most stone remnants are asymptomatic. Therefore… (More)
DOI: 10.1007/BF00301523

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