ESR spin trapping and cytotoxicity investigations of freshly fractured quartz: mechanism of acute silicosis.

Electron spin resonance (ESR) measurements show that grinding of quartz particles in air produces silicon-based (Si. and SiO.) radicals which decay with aging in air. ESR spin trapping measurements provide evidence for the generation of hydroxyl and possibly superoxide radicals from a suspension of fresh quartz particles. The hydroxyl radical generation… (More)