author={{\'A}rni Dan{\'i}el J{\'u}l{\'i}usson and Birna L{\'a}rusd{\'o}ttir and Gavin Lucas and Gisli Palsson},
  journal={Scandinavian Journal of History},
  pages={120 - 95}
It has been common to view the Icelandic economy either from the perspective of the individual farm in terms of its productivity or at the national scale in terms of trade and the role of imports/exports. Given the fact that the economy was largely a tenant-based system with a small number of landowners, there is an important middle ground between the household economics of individual farms and the state-sanctioned trade structures that needs to be explored. The objective of this paper is to… 

The vegetation and land use histories of two farms in Iceland: settlement, monasticism, and tenancy

Palaeoecological research in Iceland has rarely considered the environmental consequences of landlord-tenant relations and has only recently begun to investigate the impact of medieval monasticism on

Cutting the Network, Knotting the Line: a Linaeological Approach to Network Analysis

  • G. Palsson
  • Computer Science
    Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory
  • 2020
It is argued that a key step in allowing networks to reformulate from initial, data-driven network schemata is the introduction of a more symmetrical agency between the node and the edge, and is called network linaeology.

The terrain of thingworlds: Central objects and asymmetry in material culture systems

Material culture forms a relational system of distributed reality – a thingworld. But how do we get beyond simply saying that all material culture is meaningful and entangled to understanding the



From Reciprocity to Manorialism

In this study, it is argued that Medieval Icelandic society fitted the ideal model of the peasant mode of production, as defined by Chris Wickham in the book Framing the Early Middle Ages. Until the

The world of consumption

Consumption is the sole end and purpose of all production' - Adam Smith Commodities are in love with money but the course of true love never did run smooth ' - Karl Marx For some theorists the

Singularizing the past: The history and archaeology of the small and ordinary

Recently a fierce criticism has been aimed at social history and how it has been directed by various forms of grand narratives. Some microhistorians have lent this critique a voice from where a new

Storied Lines: Network Perspectives on Land Use in Early Modern Iceland

It is a truism nowadays to say that an archaeological site is embedded in extensive networks of relations. Connectivity has played a role in archaeological thinking for a considerable amount of time,

The mystery of plague in medieval Iceland

ABSTRACT This article is aimed at encouraging scholars to continue to take critical, interdisciplinary approaches to understanding the cause and scale of historic plague outbreaks. It does this by

Changes in food consumption in Iceland, 1770–1940

Abstract The history of food consumption in Iceland differs in many fundamental ways from that in the rest of Europe. The prominence of domestically produced dairy products, fish, meat and suet, and