ENDOSYMBIOTIC BIOLUMINESCENT BACTERIA FROM THE LIGHT ORGAN OF PONY FISH

@article{Hastings1971ENDOSYMBIOTICBB,
  title={ENDOSYMBIOTIC BIOLUMINESCENT BACTERIA FROM THE LIGHT ORGAN OF PONY FISH},
  author={John Woodland Hastings and George Mitchell},
  journal={The Biological Bulletin},
  year={1971},
  volume={141},
  pages={261-268}
}
The Leiognathid (pony) fish, which occur in the shallow coastal waters of the tropical and subtropical Indo-Pacific region, are capable of emitting a bright light from their ventral surface. In these small fish, as in several other (but not all) bioluminescent fish, the source of light is symbiotic luminous bacteria, maintained within a special organ (Harvey, 1952, 1958 ; Buchner, 1965). The evidence that bacteria are involved as symbionts has come from microscopic observations to gether with… 
Initiation and Control of the Bioluminescent Symbiosis between Photobacterium leiognathi and Leiognathid Fish
TLDR
The light-organ symbioses, because of the pure-culture nature of the symbiotic bacteria, offer a great potential for revealing specific symbiotic interactions between prokaryotes and their eukaryote hosts, but this potential has not been realized and at present very little is known about the ecological and physiological interactions.
PHYSIOLOGICAL AND MORPHOLOGICAL STATE OF THE SYMBIOTIC BACTERIA FROM LIGHT ORGANS OF PONYFISH.
TLDR
A maximalluminescence, minimal-growth bacterial model of this symbiosis is led to.
Developmental and Microbiological Analysis of the Inception of Bioluminescent Symbiosis in the Marine Fish Nuchequula nuchalis (Perciformes: Leiognathidae)
TLDR
Results indicate that light organs of N. nuchalis flexion and postflexion larvae are at an early stage of development and that inception of the symbiosis apparently occurs in flexion larvae of 6.0 to 6.5 mm in notochord length, and that Ontogeny of the light organ therefore apparently precedes acquisition of the Symbiotic bacteria.
SYMBIOTIC BACTERIA FROM LIGHT ORGANS OF PONYFISH
TLDR
Symbiotic, bioluminescent bacteria within and directly removed from the light organs of freshlysacrificedPhilippine and Japaneseponyfish were analyzed for light production, oxygen uptake, morphology, and density, leading to a maximal luminescence, minimal-growth bacterial model of this symbiosis.
CO‐EVOLUTION OF LUMINOUS BACTERIA AND THEIR EUKARYOTIC HOSTS
TLDR
It is anticipated that new systems will be found that represent states between those described here, and that the luminous bacteria will provide a living model for the gradual evolution from free-living microbes in intracellular organelles.
Detection of the Light Organ Symbiont, Vibrio fischeri, in Hawaiian Seawater by Using lux Gene Probes
TLDR
Even non-visibly luminous V. fischeri colonies could be identified among colonies obtained from natural seawater samples by their probe-positive reaction, and the luxA and luxR gene probes were species specific and gave a reliable estimate of the number of culturable V.
Camouflage by Disruptive Illumination in Leiognathids, a Family of Shallow-Water, Bioluminescent Fishes
TLDR
The ventral illumination behavior of leiognathids, with their associated morphology, is compared and contrasted with the counterillumination systems that have been described in a number of mesopelagic fishes, shrimps and squids.
Symbiotic association of Photobacterium fischeri with the marine luminous fish Monocentris japonica; a model of symbiosis based on bacterial studies.
TLDR
Isolation of bacteria from the luminous organ of the fish Monocentris japonica has revealed that the organ contains a pure culture of luminous bacteria, the first time that P. fischeri has been identified in a symbiotic association.
Transfer of symbiotic luminous bacteria from parental Leiognathus nuchalis to their offspring
TLDR
It is suggested that most of L. nuchalis offspring typically hatch and develop apo-symbiotically and at least 45 d after hatching, juveniles can be infected with symbiotic luminous bacteria from the light organ of adult fish, and thereby gain the ability to produce light.
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