EGb 761 enhances adult hippocampal neurogenesis and phosphorylation of CREB in transgenic mouse model of Alzheimer's disease

@article{Tchantchou2007EGb7E,
  title={EGb 761 enhances adult hippocampal neurogenesis and phosphorylation of CREB in transgenic mouse model of Alzheimer's disease},
  author={Flaubert Tchantchou and Yanan Xu and Yanjue Wu and Yves Christen and Yuan Luo},
  journal={The FASEB Journal},
  year={2007},
  volume={21},
  pages={2400 - 2408}
}
Standardized Ginkgo biloba extract EGb 761 exhibits beneficial effects to patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). It was previously demonstrated that EGb 761 inhibits amyloid beta (Aβ) oligomerization in vitro, protects neuronal cells against Aβ toxicity, and improves cognitive defects in a mouse model of AD (Tg 2576). In this study, the neurogenic potential of EGb 761 and its effect on cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) were examined in a double transgenic mouse model (TgAPP/PS1… 

Ginkgo biloba Extract EGb 761 and Its Specific Components Elicit Protective Protein Clearance Through the Autophagy-Lysosomal Pathway in Tau-Transgenic Mice and Cultured Neurons.

It is demonstrated that long-term treatment with Ginkgo biloba extract EGb 761, a clinically available and well-tolerated herbal medication, ameliorates AD pathology through mechanisms against multiple AD pathogenic processes.

Stimulation of neurogenesis and synaptogenesis by bilobalide and quercetin via common final pathway in hippocampal neurons.

The present findings suggest that enhanced neurogenesis and synaptogenesis by bilobalide and quercetin may share a common final signaling pathway mediated by phosphorylation of CREB.

Effects of Ginkgo biloba extract on promotion of neurogenesis in the hippocampal dentate gyrus in C57BL/6 mice.

It is suggested that repeated intake of Gb would enhance cell proliferation and neuroblast differentiation in the mouse DG.

Restoration of impaired phosphorylation of cyclic AMP response element‐binding protein (CREB) by EGb 761 and its constituents in Aβ‐expressing neuroblastoma cells

It is demonstrated that Ginkgo biloba extract, EGb 761, displayed the neuron protective effect by activating the CREB signaling pathway and was blocked by inhibitors of several upstream signaling pathways of CREB, including protein kinase C, ERK, ribosomal S6 kinase(RSK)90 and nitric oxide pathway.

Ginkgo biloba Extract (EGb 761®) Inhibits Glutamate‐induced Up‐regulation of Tissue Plasminogen Activator Through Inhibition of c‐Fos Translocation in Rat Primary Cortical Neurons

It is demonstrated that EGb 761 can modulate tPA activity under basal and glutamate‐stimulated conditions by both translational and transcriptional mechanisms, suggesting it could be a potential and effective therapeutic strategy in tPA‐excessive neurotoxic conditions.
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