author={Hannes Geisser and H. -U. Reyer},
Abstract Since 1980, populations of wild boar (Sus scrofa) have increased over the species' entire European range. This increase has led to conflicts because wild boars cause crop damage amounting to several million U.S. dollars every year. Wildlife management agencies promote and financially support 3 major methods to reduce the loss: (1) intensive harvest, (2) supplemental feeding in forests to bait animals for easier shooting and to distract them from agricultural fields, and (3) building… 

Distribution of wild boar (Sus scrofa) damage and harvest loss in crop fields

The last decades the populations of wild boar (Sus scrofa) has increased rapidly over the species’ entire European range, including Sweden. This is followed by increasing human-wildlife conflicts as

Increase in crop damage caused by wild boar (Sus scrofa L.): the “refuge effect”

It is proved that an important factor in explaining crop damage is the “refuge effect” (a buffer close to the wooded areas where hunting was banned) and the 1-km buffer along possible dispersion routes.

Management of Wild Boar in Protected Areas: The Case of Elba Island

From the 1960s onwards, the European wild boar population has grown and expanded dramatically, invading agricultural areas and causing increasing damage to croplands and economic losses. The problem

Factors affecting the crop damage by wild boar (Sus scrofa) and effects of population control in the Ticino and Lake Maggiore Park (North-western Italy)

The population viability analyses showed that it is impossible to obtain a drastic reduction of population with the current harvest rate, so by tripling it and focusing on the females and sub-adult a numerical reduction of 50% of the population would be achievable in 7 years and the probability of population survival would be halved in 3 years.

Factors affecting the level of damage by wild boar in farmland in north-eastern Poland.

Protective strips do not reduce the damage to crops, and so the offer of high-protein food on these strips, which increases reproduction rates among wild boar, should be discontinued.

Relationships between wild ungulates density and crop damage in Hungary

C crop damage positively correlated with the population density of red deer and wild boar, with the length of forest edge, and the proportion of the sown area of maize, and according to the regression model, these factors could be accountable for 74.2 % of the total agricultural game damage.

Factors affecting crop damage by wild boar and methods of mitigation in a giant panda reserve

Over a 3-year period, it was found that almost half of households in the local village sustained crop damage, that wild boar frequently raided maize, potato, and wheat adjoining the reserve, and that boar usually raided croplands at night and preferred the actual crops.

Factors influencing wild boar damage to agricultural crops in Sardinia (Italy)

The analysis of spatiotemporal variation of boar-induced damage and the identification of factors that augment the risk of damage provides essential information for contributing to the development of a more effective plan for managing wild boar populations.

Evaluating effects of preventive actions to reduce wild boar damage in the agricultural landscape

The population of wild boar (Sus scrofa) is increasing dramatically in Sweden and all over Europe and cause an extensive amount of damage in agricultural landscapes. The economic losses for farmers

Cereal killers, when and where do they strike?

Wildlife damages to crops is one of the major factors for human-wildlife conflicts. Wild boar (Sus scrofa), has during the last decades increased greatly in numbers, both in its natural and



Management of a wild boar population and its effects on commercial land

It is suggested that supplemen­ tary food should be provided for wild boar during the period when maximum damage is done since, by appropriately controlling age structure, population density can be maintained on a level of 30—40 animals per 1000 ha of woodland.

Spatial and temporal dynamics of wild boar (Sus scrofa) rooting in a mosaic landscape

Rooted patches showed large variation in size between year, season, habitat type and soil category, and within the three habitat types the largest patches were found in deciduous forests and the smallest in grasslands while in the different soil categories, the largest patch was found in damp soils and the largest in dry soils.

Crop damage and livestock depredation by wildlife: a case study from Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve, India.

Crop yield losses and livestock depredation were serious problems observed in most buffer zone villages of Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve and potential solutions discussed emphasize the need to undertake suitable and appropriate protective measures to minimize the crop losses.

The feasibility of reintroducing Wild Boar (Sus scrofa) to Scotland

The study concluded that biologically, the reintroduction of the Wild Boar is possible, however, a complementary study examining both the environmental and the potential wider ecological and socio-economic impacts of Wild Boars will be required before reintroduction is seriously considered.

Diet and condition of wild boar, Sus scrofu scrofu, without supplementary feeding

Judged by relative loss of body weight and decrease of bone marrow fat, juveniles seemed to suffer more from poor mast availability than adults, and the decrease in body weight from autumn to winter was greater when population density was high.

Feral pigs in Namadgi National Park, Australia: dynamics, impacts and management

Estimating sizes of wild pig populations in the North and Central Coast regions of California

Densities increased from 1994 to 1995, potentially related to higher rainfall and increased forage availability in 1995, and densities were lower in areas with relatively high hunting pressure, suggesting that sport hunting may be effective at reducing wild pigs numbers in some areas.

Diet, food availability and reproduction of wild boar in a Mediterranean coastal area

The diet of the wild boar Sus scrofa Linnaeus, 1758 in a Mediterranean area, where agricultural crops were not available and supplementary food was not provided, is described. Diet was compared to

The increased population of the Wild Boar (Sus scrofa L.) in Europe

The recent population changes of the Wild Boar in different European countries is analysed through the study of hunting statistics and certain reproductive and dispersive characteristics which favour its invasive behaviour are discussed.