• Corpus ID: 54602118

EFFECTS OF HARVESTER ANTS’ NEST ACTIVITY (MESSOR SPP.) ON STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF PLANT COMMUNITY IN A STEPPE RANGELAND (CASE STUDY: ROODSHOOR, SAVEH, IRAN)

@article{Ghobadi2015EFFECTSOH,
  title={EFFECTS OF HARVESTER ANTS’ NEST ACTIVITY (MESSOR SPP.) ON STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF PLANT COMMUNITY IN A STEPPE RANGELAND (CASE STUDY: ROODSHOOR, SAVEH, IRAN)},
  author={Mahsa Ghobadi and Donat Agosti and Mohammad Javad Mahdavi and Mohammad Hassan Jouri},
  journal={Journal of Rangeland Science},
  year={2015},
  volume={5},
  pages={269-283}
}
Harvester ants are known as one of the most renowned bio-disturbances in the arid and semi-arid ecosystems that affecte vegetation by collecting seeds and harvesting plants. It seems that physiognomy of plant association in steppe shrub land of Roodshoor, Saveh, Iran has been highly changed by harvester ants’ activities that caused to conduct this research. The study was carried out on active and inactive nests and control site from June to August 2012. Diversity indices and functional groups… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

EFFICACY OF AZADIRACHTA INDICA AND CAPSICUM ANNUUM POWDERS IN THE PROTECTION OF CEREAL SEEDS AGAINST HARVESTER ANTS MESSOR (HYMENOPTERA: FORMICIDAE) IN MUBI, NIGERIA
TLDR
The results revealed the repellent efficacy of the treatments when compared with the untreated control, but Capsicum annuum performed significantly better, but Millet grains were also preferred by the ants, as they recorded the highest number of picking.
Ants Visible from Space Influence Soil Properties and Vegetation in Steppe Rangelands of Iran
Messor nests in Iranian steppe rangelands can be so large that they are visible from space. When compared with reference soils, nest soil is higher in nutrients and lower in pH. Ant nests also
Effect of Spent Engine Oil and other Natural Materials on the Emergence of Harvester Ants (Messor galla Forel) in North Eastern Nigeria
Harvester ants (Messor galla Forel) are field and store insect pests that may cause extensive damages to crop production. Two field experiments were conducted to evaluate the effects of spent engine
IBBJ Autumn 2018 , Vol 4 , No 4 Effect of Spent Engine Oil and other Natural Materials on the Emergence of Harvester Ants ( Messor galla Forel ) in North Eastern Nigeria
Harvester ants (Messor galla Forel) are field and store insect pests that may cause extensive damages to crop production. Two field experiments were conducted to evaluate the effects of spent engine
Structure of floral nectaries and female-biased nectar production in protandrous species Geranium macrorrhizum and Geranium phaeum
TLDR
The morphology and structure of nectaries and the nectar production pattern in two protandrous species Geranium macrorrhizum and G. phaeum are investigated and it is postulate that the nectary production patterns in G. Phaeum might have evolved as a response to pollinators’ pressure.
Further records of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Iran
TLDR
Wide ranging surveys of the ant fauna of Iran have enabled us to add a further 30 named species to the country list, giving a grand total of 248 species, from seven subfamilies and 37 genera, which has led to proposed new or revised status for Cataglyphis turcomanica Crawley 1920, Lepisiota integrisquama (Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1929) and Messor obscurior Crawley1920.
Variation in ant-mediated seed dispersal along elevation gradients
TLDR
Observed differences in dispersal rates are attributed to changes in ant community composition, functional diversity, and abundance and it is suggested that temperature variation along the elevation gradient may explain these differences in seed removal rates.
Variation in ant-mediated seed dispersal along elevation gradients
Ant-mediated seed dispersal, also known as myrmecochory, is a widespread and important mutualism that structures both plant and ant communities. However, the extent to which ant functional types

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 56 REFERENCES
Effects of harvester ant (Messor spp.) activity on soil properties and microbial communities in a Negev Desert ecosystem
Harvester ants (Messor spp.) function as an essential link between aboveground resources and below-ground biota such as the microbial community. We examined changes in soil microbial biomass and
Harvester Ants (Pogonomyrmex spp.): Their Community and Ecosystem Influences
TLDR
Because of nest densities, the longevity of nests, and the amount of seed harvested and soil handled, harvester ants have significant direct and indirect effects on community structure and ecosystem functioning.
Harvester ants (Messor barbarus) as disturbance agents in Mediterranean grasslands
TLDR
Midden development is a mechanism that generates heterogeneity which favours the survival of certain large-seeded species mainly predated by ants in Mediterranean grasslands, which may partially neutralize the dominance of small seeded species expected from the seed predation process.
The Effects of Ant Mounds of Acanthomyops Claviger on Floral Diversity in a Restored Tallgrass Prairie
TLDR
It is expected that nests of A. claviger play an important role in the tallgrass prairie ecosystem, however further research is needed to better understand the role of insect communities in general and mount building ants in particular in prairie restoration projects.
Influence of nests of leaf-cutting ants on plant species diversity in road verges of northern Patagonia
TLDR
It is proposed that the nests of Acromyrmex lobicornis, through increasing the availability of resources, generate favourable microsites that can function both as 'refuges' for less frequent native species, and as 'stepping stones' forLess frequent exotic plant species.
Effects of harvester ants on plant species distribution and abundance in a serpentine grassland
TLDR
Nest mounds had a strong effect on plant communities: there were many more grasses and fewer forbs on ant mounds, although at least one forb, Lepidium nitidum, produced twice as many seeds when it grew on nest mounds.
Prevalence of Oryzopsis hymenoides near harvester ant mounds: indirect facilitation by ants
TLDR
The distribution of plants in relation to harvester ant mounds was investigated at two study areas to examine associations between ants and plants in semiarid, sagebrush steppe vegetation and to differentiate among four mechanisms by which ants may influence plant distribution.
The ant Lasius flavus alters the viable seed bank in pastures
...
1
2
3
4
5
...