Dysphoric Rumination Impairs Concentration on Academic Tasks

@article{Lyubomirsky2004DysphoricRI,
  title={Dysphoric Rumination Impairs Concentration on Academic Tasks},
  author={Sonja Lyubomirsky and Fazilet Kasri and Keri Zehm},
  journal={Cognitive Therapy and Research},
  year={2004},
  volume={27},
  pages={309-330}
}
Three studies investigated the effects of dysphoric rumination on concentration during 3 academic tasks—reading a passage from the GRE (Study 1), watching a videotaped lecture (Study 2), and proofreading written text (Study 3). Before performing these tasks, dysphoric and nondysphoric students were induced either to ruminate about themselves or to distract themselves by focusing on neutral images (all three studies) or by planning an event (Study 1). The results supported our hypothesis that… 

Rumination, Dysphoria, and Subjective Experience

An experiment is presented which investigated the relationship between rumination, dysphoria, and subjective experience during a short word-fragment completion task. Consistent with previous work

Rumination fosters indecision in dysphoria.

TLDR
The finding that rumination affects the important life domain of decision making by fostering indecision in dysphoric individuals is a central extension of previous studies on rumination's consequences.

Rumination, Mood and Cognitive Performance

Rumination, DEFINED AS REPETITIVE, RECURRENT AND UNCONTROLLABLE THINKING, has been implicated in cognitive impairments, particularly dysexecutive function, in people with depressed mood, what is now

Rumination, distraction and mindful self-focus: effects on mood, dysfunctional attitudes and cortisol stress response

TLDR
This study indicates that rumination as a dysfunctional mode of cognitive processing is able to maintain depression-linked dysfunctional thought content and reveals preliminary indications for a link between induced rumination and the cortisol stress response in vulnerable individuals.

Rumination Versus Distraction: Dyadic Implementation Eliminates the Response Manipulation Emotion Regulation Effect

The Response Manipulation Task (RMT) is a popular laboratory protocol for inducing rumination and distraction. Across published studies of dysphoric participants who undergo negative mood inductions

Goal-directed rumination and its antagonistic effects on problem solving: a two-week diary study

TLDR
Examination of the indirect effect of rumination via various mediators on subjective problem-solving performance in the everyday context revealed that perceived stress and negative mood negatively mediated the relationship between rumination and problem solving, while attention and effort positively mediated this relationship.

A multimethod assessment to study the relationship between rumination and gender differences.

TLDR
The findings showed that rumination was higher in females than in males, but in men it appeared to be strongly associated with an overall impaired emotional regulation, and no gender differences in rumination and emotion dysregulation were found when inspecting physiological data.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 60 REFERENCES

Effects of ruminative and distracting responses to depressed mood on retrieval of autobiographical memories.

TLDR
Four studies explored the effects of self-focused rumination vs. distraction on dysphoric and nondysphoric students' retrieval of autobiographical memories and found that dysphoric ruminators spontaneously generated memories that were more negative than those of the other three groups.

Why ruminators are poor problem solvers: clues from the phenomenology of dysphoric rumination.

TLDR
The results showed that dysphoric ruminative thought is characterized by a focus on personal problems combined with a negative tone, self-criticism, and self-blame for problems as well as reduced self-confidence, optimism, and perceived control.

Self-perpetuating properties of dysphoric rumination.

TLDR
Hypotheses about the self-perpetuating properties of ruminative responses to depressed mood were tested and confirmed that dysphorics induced to ruminate in response to their moods would feel they were gaining insight into their problems and their emotions.

Cognitive Inflexibility Among Ruminators and Nonruminators

Dysphoric people who ruminate about their negative mood experience longer and more intense depressive episodes, yet often persist in ruminating. This study investigated whether a ruminative coping

Why do people ruminate in dysphoric moods

Effects of responses to depression on the remediation of depressive affect.

TLDR
It was hypothesized that distracting, active responses would be more effective in alleviating a depressed mood than would ruminative, passive responses, and the greatest remediation of depressed mood was found in Ss in the distracting-active response condition.

Pessimistic self-preoccupation, performance deficits, and depression.

TLDR
A model of the cognitive performance deficits shown in depression proposes that such deficits occur as an interaction of expectancy and focus of attention variables, that is, in the presence of both low expectancy of success and high self-focus.

Effects of rumination and distraction on naturally occurring depressed mood

Abstract Mildly-to-moderately depressed and nondepressed subjects were randomly assigned to spend 8 minutes focusing their attention on their current feeling states and personal characteristics

Can’t Quite Commit: Rumination and Uncertainty

TLDR
In addition to its documented detrimental effects on thinking and problem solving, self-focused rumination may inhibit instrumental behavior by increasing uncertainty, resulting in further rumination and behavioral paralysis.
...