Dysmenorrhea in Adolescents

  title={Dysmenorrhea in Adolescents},
  author={Linda M French},
  journal={Pediatric Drugs},
  • L. French
  • Published 2008
  • Medicine
  • Pediatric Drugs
Dysmenorrhea occurs in the majority of adolescent girls and is the leading cause of recurrent short-term school absence in this group. In the vast majority of cases, a presumptive diagnosis of primary dysmenorrhea can be made based on a typical history of low anterior pelvic pain coinciding with the onset of menses and lasting 1–3 days with a negative physical examination. Risk factors for primary dysmenorrhea include nulliparity, heavy menstrual flow, and smoking. Poor mental health and social… 
[Dysmenorrhea in pediatric and adolescent gynaecology].
The role of the pediatric and adolescent gynaecologist is to diagnose the reason of symptoms, educate the patient, review effective treatment options as well as to restore normal daily functioning.
Dysmenorrhea in adolescents.
Primary Dysmenorrhea: Assessment and Treatment.
  • Inês Guimarães, A. Póvoa
  • Medicine
    Revista brasileira de ginecologia e obstetricia : revista da Federacao Brasileira das Sociedades de Ginecologia e Obstetricia
  • 2020
Primary dysmenorrhea is defined as menstrual pain in the absence of pelvic disease. It is characterized by overproduction of prostaglandins by the endometrium, causing uterine hypercontractility that
Diagnosis and initial management of dysmenorrhea.
Dysmenorrhea is one of the most common causes of pelvic pain and it negatively affects patients' quality of life and sometimes results in activity restriction; however, there is not enough evidence to support the use of yoga, acupuncture, or massage.
Diagnosis and treatment of primary dysmenorrhea
Dysmenorrhea adversely affects quality of life and daily activities for women in reproductive age and health care providers should be more seriously engaged with providing appropriate management options for symptomatic relief.
Primary Dysmenorrhea: An Urgent Mandate
Primary dysmenorrhea usually begins six to 12 months after menarche and is characterized by spasmodic cramping pain in the lower abdomen that can radiate to the lower back and anterior or inner thighs.
Prevalence of dysmenorrhea and its correlating lifestyle factors in Japanese female junior high school students.
It is suggested that dysmenorrhea that adversely affects daily activities is highly prevalent, and may be associated with certain lifestyle factors in junior high school students.
Acupuncture for dysmenorrhoea.
This review examines the currently available evidence supporting the use of acupuncture and acupressure to treat primary dysmenorrhoea and found no evidence of a difference between the groups at three, six or 12 months.
The Prevalence and Academic Impact of Dysmenorrhea in 21,573 Young Women: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
The prevalence of dysmenorrhea was high, irrespective of country, with dys menorrhea having a significant negative impact on academic performance both at school and during higher education.


Diagnosis and management of dysmenorrhoea
Until recently, many medical and gynaecological texts ascribed the source of dysmenorrhoea to emotional or psychological problems—for example, anxiety, emotional instability, a faulty outlook on sex and menstruation, and imitation of the mother's feelings about menstruation.
Prevalence and impact of dysmenorrhea on Hispanic female adolescents.
Dysmenorrhea is highly prevalent among Hispanic adolescents and is related to school absenteeism and limitations on social, academic, and sports activities.
Spinal manipulation for primary and secondary dysmenorrhoea.
Results from the four trials of high velocity, low amplitude manipulation suggest that the technique was no more effective than sham manipulation for the treatment of dysmenorrhoea, although it was possibly moreeffective than no treatment.
Impact of pregnancy on primary dysmenorrhea
Prevalence of primary dysmenorrhea in Canada.
  • M. Burnett, V. Antao, M. Robert
  • Medicine
    Journal of obstetrics and gynaecology Canada : JOGC = Journal d'obstetrique et gynecologie du Canada : JOGC
  • 2005
Anthropological and clinical characteristics in adolescent women with dysmenorrhea.
Young girls who experienced menstrual pain are good candidates for a prophylactic therapy, such as hormonal contraception, for public health services in the future to improve the quality of life of the dysmenorrheic young women.
Surgical interruption of pelvic nerve pathways for primary and secondary dysmenorrhoea.
There is insufficient evidence to recommend the use of nerve interruption in the management of dysmenorrhoea, regardless of cause.
Oral Contraceptives for Dysmenorrhea in Adolescent Girls: A Randomized Trial
Among adolescents, a low-dose oral contraceptive relieved dysmenorrhea-associated pain more effectively than placebo; however, these differences did not reach statistical significance.