Dyslexia: Cultural Diversity and Biological Unity

@article{Paulesu2001DyslexiaCD,
  title={Dyslexia: Cultural Diversity and Biological Unity},
  author={Eraldo Paulesu and J-F. D{\'e}monet and Ferruccio Fazio and Eamon J. McCrory and Val{\'e}rie Chanoine and Nicola Brunswick and Stefano F. Cappa and Giuseppe Cossu and Michel Habib and C. D. Frith and Uta Frith},
  journal={Science},
  year={2001},
  volume={291},
  pages={2165 - 2167}
}
The recognition of dyslexia as a neurodevelopmental disorder has been hampered by the belief that it is not a specific diagnostic entity because it has variable and culture-specific manifestations. In line with this belief, we found that Italian dyslexics, using a shallow orthography which facilitates reading, performed better on reading tasks than did English and French dyslexics. However, all dyslexics were equally impaired relative to their controls on reading and phonological tasks… 

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