Dynamics of the Giant Planets of the Solar System in the Gaseous Protoplanetary Disk and Their Relationship to the Current Orbital Architecture

@article{Morbidelli2007DynamicsOT,
  title={Dynamics of the Giant Planets of the Solar System in the Gaseous Protoplanetary Disk and Their Relationship to the Current Orbital Architecture},
  author={Alessandro Morbidelli and Kleomenis Tsiganis and Aur{\'e}lien Crida and Harold F. Levison and Rodney Gomes},
  journal={The Astronomical Journal},
  year={2007},
  volume={134},
  pages={1790 - 1798}
}
We study the orbital evolution of the four giant planets of our solar system in a gas disk. Our investigation extends the previous works by Masset & Snellgrove and Morbidelli & Crida, which focused on the dynamics of the Jupiter-Saturn system. The only systems we found to reach a steady state are those in which the planets are locked in a quadruple mean-motion resonance (i.e., each planet is in resonance with its neighbor). In total, we found six such configurations. For the gas-disk parameters… 

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