Semitendinosus (ST) muscle samples were excised from 8 intact and 8 castrate male animals (Bos taurus) when they reached age end-points of 8, 12, 16, and 20 months. All three principal myofiber phenotypes (IC, IIA, IIB) increased in size with increasing age, with the IIA (fast-white) fibers usually larger than the other two types. Only at 16 and 20 months were the type II myofibers from intact males consistently larger than that from castrates. The amount of IIA fibers always exceeded that of the other two phenotypes at every age. Myofiber characteristics were more highly correlated with animal age than with either total body weight or total muscle mass. An ontogenetic scheme is proposed to illustrate the dynamic interrelationships of the three ST myofiber phenotypes.