Dynamics of income packaging: a 10-year longitudinal study.

  title={Dynamics of income packaging: a 10-year longitudinal study.},
  author={Allison L Zippay},
  journal={Social work},
  volume={47 3},
This article examines the methods and dynamics of packaging multiple sources of wage and nonwage income as a means of making ends meet over a 10-year period among a sample of displaced steelworkers who lost jobs as a result of plant closings in the 1980s and then experienced extensive downward mobility. The study tracked changes in the respondents' income and employment over a decade, the dynamics of their use of social services, their pooling of a variety of income sources, and the use of… CONTINUE READING

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