Dynamics of crowd disasters: an empirical study.

@article{Helbing2007DynamicsOC,
  title={Dynamics of crowd disasters: an empirical study.},
  author={D. Helbing and A. Johansson and H. Z. Al-Abideen},
  journal={Physical review. E, Statistical, nonlinear, and soft matter physics},
  year={2007},
  volume={75 4 Pt 2},
  pages={
          046109
        }
}
  • D. Helbing, A. Johansson, H. Z. Al-Abideen
  • Published 2007
  • Medicine, Physics
  • Physical review. E, Statistical, nonlinear, and soft matter physics
  • Many observations of the dynamics of pedestrian crowds, including various self-organization phenomena, have been successfully described by simple many-particle models. For ethical reasons, however, there is a serious lack of experimental data regarding crowd panic. Therefore, we have analyzed video recordings of the crowd disaster in Mina/Makkah during the Hajj in 1426H on 12 January 2006. They reveal two subsequent, sudden transitions from laminar to stop-and-go and "turbulent" flows, which… CONTINUE READING

    Figures and Topics from this paper.

    Explore Further: Topics Discussed in This Paper

    From Crowd Dynamics to Crowd Safety: a Video-Based Analysis
    245
    How simple rules determine pedestrian behavior and crowd disasters
    714
    Empirical study of crowd behavior during a real mass event
    24
    Continuum modeling of crowd turbulence.
    21
    Data-Driven Modeling of Pedestrian Crowds
    41
    Self-organization in Pedestrian Crowds
    10
    Pilgrim crowd dynamics
    2

    References

    Publications referenced by this paper.
    SHOWING 1-10 OF 86 REFERENCES
    Traffic and Granular Flow ’03
    74
    Pedestrian flows and non-classical shocks
    198
    Specification of the Social Force Pedestrian Model by Evolutionary Adjustment to Video Tracking Data
    378
    The American Naturalist
    351
    S
    245957
    Journal of Transportation Engineering
    28
    Nature
    52637
    Phys. Rev. E
    • 2002
    Fußgänger (Schriftenreihe des Institut für Verkehrsplanung, Transporttechnik, Straßen- und Eisenbahnbau 90
    • 1993