Dynamics of collapsing and exploding Bose–Einstein condensates

@article{Donley2001DynamicsOC,
  title={Dynamics of collapsing and exploding Bose–Einstein condensates},
  author={Elizabeth A. Donley and Neil R. Claussen and Simon L. Cornish and Jacob L. Roberts and Eric Allin Cornell and Carl E. Wieman},
  journal={Nature},
  year={2001},
  volume={412},
  pages={295-299}
}
When atoms in a gas are cooled to extremely low temperatures, they will—under the appropriate conditions—condense into a single quantum-mechanical state known as a Bose–Einstein condensate. In such systems, quantum-mechanical behaviour is evident on a macroscopic scale. Here we explore the dynamics of how a Bose–Einstein condensate collapses and subsequently explodes when the balance of forces governing its size and shape is suddenly altered. A condensate's equilibrium size and shape is… 

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