Dynamics of a stressful encounter: cognitive appraisal, coping, and encounter outcomes.

  title={Dynamics of a stressful encounter: cognitive appraisal, coping, and encounter outcomes.},
  author={Susan Folkman and R S Lazarus and Christine Dunkel-Schetter and Anita DeLongis and Rand J. Gruen},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  volume={50 5},
Despite the importance that is attributed to coping as a factor in psychological and somatic health outcomes, little is known about actual coping processes, the variables that influence them, and their relation to the outcomes of the stressful encounters people experience in their day-to-day lives. This study uses an intraindividual analysis of the interrelations among primary appraisal (what was at stake in the encounter), secondary appraisal (coping options), eight forms of problem- and… 

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