Dynamical patterning modules: physico-genetic determinants of morphological development and evolution

  title={Dynamical patterning modules: physico-genetic determinants of morphological development and evolution},
  author={Stuart A. Newman and Ramray Bhat},
  journal={Physical Biology},
The shapes and forms of multicellular organisms arise by the generation of new cell states and types and changes in the numbers and rearrangements of the various kinds of cells. While morphogenesis and pattern formation in all animal species are widely recognized to be mediated by the gene products of an evolutionarily conserved ‘developmental-genetic toolkit’, the link between these molecular players and the physics underlying these processes has been generally ignored. This paper introduces… 

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