Dynamical Balances and Tropical Stratospheric Upwelling

  title={Dynamical Balances and Tropical Stratospheric Upwelling},
  author={William J. Randel and Robinson Pacheco Garc{\'i}a and Wu Fei},
The dynamical balances associated with upwelling in the tropical lower stratosphere are investigated based on climatological 40-yr ECMWF Re-Analysis (ERA-40) and NCEP–NCAR reanalysis data. Zonal mean upwelling is calculated from momentum balance and continuity (“downward control”), and these estimates in the deep tropics are found to be in reasonable agreement with stratospheric upwelling calculated from thermodynamic balance (and also with vertical velocity obtained from ERA-40). The detailed… CONTINUE READING


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