Dynamic real-time microscopy of the urinary tract using confocal laser endomicroscopy.

OBJECTIVES To develop the diagnostic criteria for benign and neoplastic conditions of the urinary tract using probe-based confocal laser endomicroscopy (pCLE), a new technology for dynamic, in vivo imaging with micron-scale resolution. The suggested diagnostic criteria will formulate a guide for pCLE image interpretation in urology. METHODS Patients… CONTINUE READING