Dynamic microscopy of nanoscale cluster growth at the solid–liquid interface

  title={Dynamic microscopy of nanoscale cluster growth at the solid–liquid interface},
  author={Mark J. Williamson and Rudolf M. Tromp and Philippe M. Vereecken and Richard Hull and Frances M. Ross},
  journal={Nature Materials},
Dynamic processes at the solid–liquid interface are of key importance across broad areas of science and technology. Electrochemical deposition of copper, for example, is used for metallization in integrated circuits, and a detailed understanding of nucleation, growth and coalescence is essential in optimizing the final microstructure. Our understanding of processes at the solid–vapour interface has advanced tremendously over the past decade due to the routine availability of real-time, high… 

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  • P. Gai
  • Chemistry
    Microscopy and Microanalysis
  • 2002
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