Dynamic coupling measurement for object-oriented software

@article{Arisholm2004DynamicCM,
  title={Dynamic coupling measurement for object-oriented software},
  author={Erik Arisholm and Lionel Claude Briand and Audun F{\o}yen},
  journal={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering},
  year={2004},
  volume={30},
  pages={491-506}
}
The relationships between coupling and external quality factors of object-oriented software have been studied extensively for the past few years. For example, several studies have identified clear empirical relationships between class-level coupling and class fault-proneness. A common way to define and measure coupling is through structural properties and static code analysis. However, because of polymorphism, dynamic binding, and the common presence of unused ("dead") code in commercial… 

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