Dwarf pine: invasive plant threatens biodiversity of alpine beetles

  title={Dwarf pine: invasive plant threatens biodiversity of alpine beetles},
  author={Josef Ka{\vs}{\'a}k and Monika Mazalov{\'a} and Jan {\vS}ipo{\vs} and Tom{\'a}{\vs} Kuras},
  journal={Biodiversity and Conservation},
Despite their small extent, alpine ecosystems belong to the most valuable, yet highly threatened natural biotopes worldwide. Alpine habitats are endangered particularly by anthropogenic influences and climate change as well as invasions of non-native plants. Although plant invasions are regarded as one of the most serious threats to biodiversity globally, the knowledge of their impact on the arthropod assemblages of alpine environments is virtually absent. Therefore, we studied the effects of… 
Consequences for alpine butterflies of the spread of Pinus mugo into the alpine zone in the High Sudetes Mts.
Due to changes in global climate isolated alpine sites have become one of the most vulnerable habitats worldwide. The indigenous fauna in these habitats is threatened by an invasive species, dwarf
Vegetation shift after a clear-cut of non-native dwarf pine (Pinus mugo)
Dwarf pine (Pinus mugo) is a shrubby, polycormon-forming woody light-demanding species in the Central-European mountains, but it is non-native in the Jeseniky Mts. (the Hercynian Mts., the Czech
Succession of ground beetle (Coleoptera: Carabidae) communities after windthrow disturbance in a montane Norway spruce forest in the Hrubý Jeseník Mts. (Czech Republic)
Abstract Wind disturbances are a key factor that is significantly involved in the life cycle of natural boreomontane coniferous forests. As most of these forests are currently intensively managed, we
Principal determinants of species and functional diversity of carabid beetle assemblages during succession at post-industrial sites
Overall, it is concluded that the decline in species richness and functional diversity in the middle of the studied succession gradient indicated that the assemblages of open habitats had been replaced by species typical of forest ecosystems.
Leaf thickness and elevation explain naturalized alien species richness in a tropical mountain forest: A case study from Mount Gede-Pangrango National Park, Indonesia
Exotic plant invasion is one of the major causes of species extinction. In many contexts, mountainous forests are the last refuge for native species. There are several inventory studies conducted in
Moving up and over: redistribution of plants in alpine, Arctic, and Antarctic ecosystems under global change
ABSTRACT Extreme abiotic conditions, geographic isolation, and low levels of disturbance have historically provided alpine, Arctic, and Antarctic regions with low input of and relative resistance to
Assessing the invasion risk of botanical garden’s exotic threatened collections to adjacent mountain forests: A case study of Cibodas Botanical Garden
A primary objective of botanical gardens is to conserve threatened plant species from different regions and countries. However, such ex-situ conservation practices for exotic plant species may pose a
Has the currently warming climate affected populations of the mountain ringlet butterfly, Erebia epiphron (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae), in low-elevation mountains?
It is found that butterfl y numbers recorded per transect walk decreased between the past and the present, but relative population abundances remained unchanged, which is interpreted as desynchronization of annual cohort development, which might be caused by milder winters with less predictable snow cover and more variable timing of larval diapause termination.


Impacts of introduced dwarf pine (Pinus mugo) on the diversity and composition of alpine vegetation
Bioindication showed that dwarf-pine stands were drier, more shaded and had a higher soil fertility than alpine grasslands, and changes caused by dwarf pine in medium-high mountains might be more significant than in mountains with large alpine forest-free areas.
Patterns of Shrub Invasion into High Mountain Grasslands of the Northern Calcareous Alps, Austria
Abstract Both land use and expected climate change will probably cause range shifts of tree and shrub species in the European Alps. Attempts to predict the magnitude and direction of these processes
Taxon specific response of carabids (Coleoptera, Carabidae) and other soil invertebrate taxa on invasive plant Amorpha fruticosa in wetlands
Analysis of the impact of an A. fruticosa invasion on carabid beetles and other soil invertebrates suggests that severe future changes can be expected in invertebrate groups that are closely related to plant composition, since A.fruticosa cannot be completely removed from the habitat and covers relatively large areas.
Alien plant species distribution in the European Alps: influence of species’ climatic requirements
The first estimate of the role of abiotic and anthropogenic variables driving both alien plant species richness and composition covering the whole region of the European Alps is provided, revealing a strong influence of human pressure on warmer tropical species, despite their low adaptability to anthropogenic habitats.
Impact of the invasive moss Campylopus introflexus on carabid beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) and spiders (Araneae) in acidic coastal dunes at the southern Baltic Sea
The impact of Campylopus introflexus on the ground-dwelling arthropods carabid beetles and spiders is analyzed, as both taxa are known to be useful indicator taxa even on a small-scale level.
Impacts of Leaf-litter Addition on Carabids in a Conifer Plantation
Enhanced habitat heterogeneity (leaf-litter addition) in homogeneous plantations influenced the spatial distribution and composition of carabids, through altered abiotic (lower ground temperature in the leaf- litter plots) and biotic (more prey items) factors.
The effect of alpine ski-slopes on epigeic beetles: does even a nature-friendly management make a change?
A significant effect of ski-slope management on the epigeic beetle community, including its functional diversity is demonstrated, which should be considered very cautiously any potential expansion of ski resorts, even those with reasonable ‘nature-friendly’ practices.