Dwarf pine: invasive plant threatens biodiversity of alpine beetles

@article{Kak2015DwarfPI,
  title={Dwarf pine: invasive plant threatens biodiversity of alpine beetles},
  author={Josef Ka{\vs}{\'a}k and Monika Mazalov{\'a} and Jan {\vS}ipo{\vs} and Tom{\'a}{\vs} Kuras},
  journal={Biodiversity and Conservation},
  year={2015},
  volume={24},
  pages={2399-2415}
}
Despite their small extent, alpine ecosystems belong to the most valuable, yet highly threatened natural biotopes worldwide. Alpine habitats are endangered particularly by anthropogenic influences and climate change as well as invasions of non-native plants. Although plant invasions are regarded as one of the most serious threats to biodiversity globally, the knowledge of their impact on the arthropod assemblages of alpine environments is virtually absent. Therefore, we studied the effects of… 
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It is found that butterfl y numbers recorded per transect walk decreased between the past and the present, but relative population abundances remained unchanged, which is interpreted as desynchronization of annual cohort development, which might be caused by milder winters with less predictable snow cover and more variable timing of larval diapause termination.
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Bioindication showed that dwarf-pine stands were drier, more shaded and had a higher soil fertility than alpine grasslands, and changes caused by dwarf pine in medium-high mountains might be more significant than in mountains with large alpine forest-free areas.
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