Duplex criteria for determination of 50% or greater carotid stenosis.

Abstract

Recently the North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Trial investigators reported a benefit of carotid endarterectomy compared with medical therapy for symptomatic patients with 50% or greater carotid stenosis. This has necessitated the development of screening parameters for diagnosis of 50% or greater carotid stenosis on the basis of the reference standards used in the study by the North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Trial. The duplex scans and arteriograms of 110 patients (210 carotid arteries) were reviewed by blinded readers. Duplex measurements of peak systolic velocity and end diastolic velocity were recorded, and the ratio of these velocities in the internal and common carotid arteries was calculated. The criteria determined for detection of 50% or greater stenosis were as follows: peak systolic velocity of the internal carotid artery greater than 170 cm/s (sensitivity, 92%; specificity, 90%; positive predictive value, 92%; negative predictive value, 90%; and accuracy, 91 %); end diastolic velocity of the internal carotid artery greater than 60 cm/s (sensitivity, 92%; specificity, 86%; positive predictive value, 95%; negative predictive value, 79%; and accuracy, 91 %); ratio of peak systolic velocity of the internal carotid artery to peak systolic velocity of the common carotid artery greater than 2 (sensitivity, 93%; specificity, 75%; positive predictive value, 83%; negative predictive value, 89%; and accuracy, 85%); and ratio of end diastolic velocity of the internal carotid artery to end diastolic velocity of the common carotid artery greater than 2.4 (sensitivity, 96%; specificity, 79%; positive predictive value, 88%; negative predictive value, 92%; and accuracy, 89%). It is concluded that 50% or greater carotid artery stenosis can be reliably determined by duplex criteria. The use of receiver operating characteristic curves allows the individualization of duplex criteria to the clinical situation.

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@article{Neschis2001DuplexCF, title={Duplex criteria for determination of 50% or greater carotid stenosis.}, author={David G Neschis and F J Lexa and Justin T Davis and Jeffrey Paul Carpenter}, journal={Journal of ultrasound in medicine : official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine}, year={2001}, volume={20 3}, pages={207-15} }