Dung as an essential resource in a highland Peruvian community

  title={Dung as an essential resource in a highland Peruvian community},
  author={Bruce P. Winterhalder and R. Larsen and R. Brooke Thomas},
  journal={Human Ecology},
The present paper examines the use of dung for two essential human resources, fuel and fertilizer, in a highland community of southern Peru. The limited energy availability and the poor soils of the region, primarily the result of high-altitude climate and topography, necessitate this practice. Alternatives to dung use are costly or unavailable. Grazing herbivores transform the widely dispersed puna grasses into a compact and easily gathered source of energy and nutrients. Native choice among… 

Ecological degradation and agricultural intensification in the Andean highlands

Andean cultural ecologists have made two claims in recent years: ecological decomposition is absent due to effective indigenous management of communal resources, and agricultural intensification is

The Evolution of Common-Field Agriculture in the Andes: A Hypothesis

  • R. Godoy
  • Geography
    Comparative Studies in Society and History
  • 1991
Similar forms of subsistence and social organization have emerged in different parts of the world in response to similar ecological, technological, and demographic factors. For example, moldboard

Dung by preference : The choice of fuel as an example of how Andean pottery production is embedded within wider technical, social, and economic practices

A discussion of how Andean potters acquire and use their fuels is used to demonstrate the 'embedded' nature of ceramic technology. The most common choice of fuel in the highlands of Peru and Bolivia

Values, management and contributions of the high altitude wetlands to local livelihoods

The concerns regarding the high rates of species extinction in many ecosystems including wetlands seem to have prompted a hub of research aimed at re-designing and institutionalising approaches that

Early Horizon camelid management practices in the Nepeña Valley, north-central coast of Peru

South American camelids (llamas and alpacas) were of great economic, social and ritual significance in the pre-Hispanic Andes. Although these animals are largely limited to high-altitude (>3500 masl)

Laki-laki (Dennstaedtia glauca, polypodiaceae): A green manure used in traditional andean agriculture

Fronds of D. glauca, while containing average or low amounts of micronutrients, are high in nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium in comparison with other fern species and plant material in general.



Energetics of Indian cattle in their environment

Cattle and other domestic animals in 5.77 square miles of rural West Bengal were enumerated on three separate occasions during an 18-month period. Feed consumption and productivity measurements

Farm animal-waste management

Current practices, technology, knowledge, and research results are summarized as related to the management and disposal or use of farm animal wastes in the 13 states of the North Central Region and

Fundamentals of Ecology

  • A. Galston
  • Environmental Science
    The Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
  • 1972
Long before ecology became associated in the public understanding with recycling glass bottles and cleaning the junk out of filth-clogged waterways, Eugene P. Odum was one of the true ecologists,

Communities and Ecosystems

  • I. Hiscock
  • Economics
    The Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
  • 1970
translation yields a style of presentation that is often stilted and awkward. A partially redeeming feature, and perhaps unique in this kind of publication , is a 60-question-and-answer chapter which

Early Human Cultural and Skeletal Remains from Guitarrero Cave, Northern Peru

An early man site in highland Peru yielded a rich cultural assemblage in stratigraphic association with faunal remains, botanical remains, and campfire remnants that furnished secure radiocarbon dates that furnished the oldest such date in South America.

Quishqui Puncu: A Preceramic Site in Highland Peru

The complete campsite industry from this early site includes crude chopping tools, microblades, and numerous scraper and projectile point types, indicating that seasonal use persisted into agricultural and ceramic periods.


It is apparent that man has not yet freed himself from the biological world which begat him, and some of his behavior, such as conception, birth, and death, are still within the biological framework of his mammalian order.

An Aymara Kingdom In 1567

It is common in contemporary studies of the Aymara to find expressions of disappointment at the spare mention made of this people in the European chronicles dealing with the Andes (H. Tschopik 1946;

Human adaptation to high altitude.