Dummy (pacifier) use and sudden infant death syndrome: Potential advantages and disadvantages

@article{Horne2014DummyU,
  title={Dummy (pacifier) use and sudden infant death syndrome: Potential advantages and disadvantages},
  author={Rosemary S. C. Horne and Fern R. Hauck and Rachel Y. Moon and Monique P L'Hoir and Peter S Blair},
  journal={Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health},
  year={2014},
  volume={50}
}
The large decline in deaths due to the sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) in the last 20 years in many countries is largely due to risk‐reduction advice resulting from observational studies that examined the relationship between infant care practices and SIDS. Most of this advice remains largely uncontroversial and educators and researchers in this field are in agreement as to the specific recommendations that should be given to parents and health professionals. However, advice surrounding the… 
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  • Medicine, Psychology
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References

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Do Pacifiers Reduce the Risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome? A Meta-analysis
TLDR
It is recommended that pacifiers be offered to infants as a potential method to reduce the risk of SIDS, based on the taxonomy of the 5-point (A–E) scale adopted by the US Preventive Services Task Force.
Pacifier use and sudden infant death syndrome: results from the CESDI/SUDI case control study
TLDR
The use of a pacifier was associated with a lower prevalence and shorter duration of breast feeding, lower socioeconomic status, and mothers who smoked more heavily and there was no association between pacifier use and sleeping position.
Should Pacifiers Be Recommended to Prevent Sudden Infant Death Syndrome?
TLDR
It seems appropriate to stop discouraging the use of pacifiers, and the mechanism by which pacifiers might reduce the risk of SIDS is unknown, but several mechanisms have been postulated.
Pacifier Use and Sids: Evidence for a Consistently Reduced Risk
TLDR
The association between adverse environmental factors and SIDS risk was modified favorably by pacifier use, but the interactions between pacifiers use and these factors were not significant.
SIDS and Other Sleep-Related Infant Deaths: Expansion of Recommendations for a Safe Infant Sleeping Environment
TLDR
The recommendations described in this report include supine positioning, use of a firm sleep surface, breastfeeding, room-sharing without bed-sharing, routine immunization, consideration of a pacifier, and avoidance of soft bedding, overheating, and exposure to tobacco smoke, alcohol, and illicit drugs.
Use of a dummy (pacifier) during sleep and risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS): population based case-control study
TLDR
Use of a dummy seems to reduce the risk of SIDS and possibly reduces the influence of known risk factors in the sleep environment.
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TLDR
It is concluded that dummy use may protect against SIDS, but this observation needs to be repeated before dummies can be recommended for this purpose.
Is the use of dummy or carry-cot of importance for sudden infant death?
TLDR
The use of dummy could be a favourable factor in the prevention of SID and the high frequency of deaths in outdoor placed carry-cots during the cold period of the year may give clues to understanding the death mechanism in SID.
Is pacifier use a risk factor for acute otitis media? A dynamic cohort study.
TLDR
Pacifier use appears to be a risk factor for recurrent AOM and parents should be informed about the possible negative effects of using a pacifier once their child has been diagnosed with AOM to avoid recurrent episodes.
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TLDR
Despite knowledge about the major modifiable risk factors for SIDS, these factors are still present in Germany and a continued effort is needed to inform all parents about preventable risk factors.
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